ori.gif (1448 bytes)

A U R I G A

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Mythology and history

Mitología de Auriga

    Auriga has had many mythological figures depending on the civilizations; for the Assyrians   they saw in her a car of war, the Greeks on the other hand saw a cuádriga invented by Erictonio or Erictonios, Athenian hero who was supposed had born of the Earth. According to a legend ática it links itself to Erictonio with the goddess Atenea, as he looks like the hero it(he,she) had been engendrdo for the Earth from the semen that was stopping fall down on her the god Hefesto; we can consider the semen to be the Lacteal Route that crosses Auriga's constellation; while it(he,she) was trying itself to join Atenea for the force. When it was born, Atenea put it in a basket that delivered covered the daughters of Cécrope, Erictonio married the nymph Praxitea of the one that had a son, Pandión who happened to him in the throne of Athens; Also Atenea's worship instituted in the city, creating in honor of the goddess the festivity of the Panateneas, and that during his reign the Athenians started using the currency, besides the invention of the quadriga assumes to him and one saw his figure immortalized in Auriga's constellation.

     

      Now then, really the mythological figure that has lasted though his origin is not known is that of a hybrid representation, a human figure that has a goat in the arms. In some Hevelius's star charts, there include also the cabritas newborn children, whose relation gets lost in the fantasy. In the maps realized at the beginning of the XIXth century, to the figure of the coachman this one was following for that of a telescope of mirror in which it was possible to recognize, for his mount, one of the typical copies that Willian Herschel had constructed. Bode it wanted to put in recollection of the recent descubrijiento of the planet Uranus in 1781, ne homejane to the famous astronomer who had realized it.

     Herschel's telescope, since Bode named the asterism, it includes only a small number of very weak, merry stars to the north of Lynx's constellation or Lynx and to the south of Gemini or Twins.

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Characteristics

       Beautiful constellation characterized by the brightness of its main star, Capella or the mythical Amaltea goat that it fed Jupiter, of magnitude zero and yellowish color like our Sun. We can observe for the observers of the North hemisphere during the winter nights in the high zone of the sky on our heads since he is almost circumpolar, its period of observation begins in October until April. However, for the inhabitants of the South hemisphere they have quite difficult the power to observe it, solely at the beginning of the austral summer.

    It limits the east with Perseus, the south with Taurus and Gemini , the west with Lynx and the north with the Camelopardalis. The galactic equator of our galaxy, the Milky Route crosses it of the northeast to the south, therefore, we can observe multitude of precious stellar C L U S T E Rs and much beautiful amount of double star.

    The constellation of Auriga I located January 1st, 1982, when it was 14 years old, I suppose that in one night cold of winter.

 

 

Constelación de Auriga

Main stars

   Alpha, a ; also Capella call or goat. It is a yellow giant 130 times more luminous than like our Sun that is to 44 years light of us.

   Beta, b ; also denominated Menkalinam , of magnitude 2,1; white color with bluish reflections. Light is to 82 years, is 100 times more luminous than our Sun.

   Gamma, g ; denominated Elnath , it is possible to emphasize that really it does not exist, that is to say, the star in himself belongs to the constellation of Taurus, denominating itself b , since one is in the limit of the constellation with Auriga.

   Delta, d ; of 3.9 magnitude and yellow color. Light of us is to 140 years, is 50 times more luminous than our Sun is in the north of the constellation forming part of the North vertex of the asterism, is circumpolar for northern latitudes.

   Epsilon, e ; denominated Almaaz, it is a variable of the Algol type that oscillates less between magnitudes 3,5 to 4,5 in a period of anything 10,000 days, is not that during 10.000 days it varies of magnitude but that comprises of a stellar double system whose secondary star eclipsa partially main the every 10,000 years lasting the process months. Of clear yellow color located to about 2000 years light of us. It is a yellow supergiant 20,000 times more luminous than our Sun.

Other objects

   M36, precious stellar C L U S T E R of magnitude 6,3, and diameter 20' of arc. Light of us is to 4,000 years. It has a considered age of 25 million years.

   M37, stellar C L U S T E R of magnitude 6.2 and 25' of diameter. Light is to 4,400 years and is enough older than the previous one, its age is considered in 300 million years.

   M38, also stellar C L U S T E R of magnitude and 7,4 dimensions 25'x10'. Light is to 4,300 years. It has an age of about 220 million years.

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Observations by telescope

D O U B L E

Nom:S 603 R.A.: 05h.50m.

Dec: 49º30'

Mag: 8.5,8.6 Sep.: 8.3" P.A.: 239º Nat:f Spec.:F,F
A.O.C.:60 D.S.C.:43 D. of D.S.:28-Dec.-1983

sigma603

    NOTE: One is in a rich field; it is one weak double but pretty, one is to 40' to the east of a shining star, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: w R.A.: 04h.56m.

Dec: 37º49'

Mag: 5.5,8.3 Sep.: 5.3" P.A.: Nat:ph Spec.:A,B
A.O.C.: 61 D.S.C.: 44 D. of D.S.: 28-Dec-1983

omega

    NOTE: One is in a rich zone; it is identified without no problem, is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x, although it is necessary to pay attention due to the brightness difference.

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:1778

M:--

R.A.: 05h.05m.

Dec: 37º02'

Mag:9.2

Dim:12'x8' A.O.C.: 62 C.C. & N.O.:18
D. of D.S.:28-Dec.-1983  

ngc1778

    NOTE: In a precious stellar accumulation, formed by 20 stars of the same magnitude, the direction is diverse, is located easily with the eyeglass of 50x, although the best spectacle is contemplated with the eyeglass of 200x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 664 R.A.: 05h.07m.

Dec: 37º14'

Mag: 6.8, 7.2 Sep.: 1.6" P.A.: 221º Nat:f? Spec.:G, A
A.O.C.: 63 D.S.C.: 45 D. of D.S.: 28-Dec-1983

sigma664

    NOTE: One is next to NGC1778, to unfold it is necessary the eyeglass of 200x and a good atmospheric transperencia, their colors are distinguished slightly.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 681 R.A.: 05h.17m.

Dec: 46º55'

Mag: 7.0, 8.9 Sep.: 23" P.A.: 181º Nat:? Spec.:?,?
A.O.C.: 64 D.S.C.:46 D. of D.S.:28-Dec-1983

sigma681

   

NOTE: One is in a rich zone; it is one pretty but unequal double, collection to the main one of white color, however, secondary bluish the smooth one, although I am not absolutely safe, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 669 R.A.: 05h.15m.

Dec: 45º12'

Mag: 8.4, 8.9 Sep.: 10" P.A.: 273º Nat:f Spec.:B,A
A.O.C.:65 D.S.C.: 47 D. of D.S.:28-Dec.-1983

sigma669

   

NOTE: One is in a very rich zone, it turns out simple to identify it, it is unfolded easily with the eyeglass of 50x, the main one I believe that she is bluish, however, the secondary one I see white it; a small difference of magnitude exists.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 718 R.A.: 05h.28m.

Dec: 49º21'

Mag: 7.5, 7.5 Sep.: 7.8" P.A.: 75º Nat:f Spec.:G,G
A.O.C.:66 D.S.C.:48 D. of D.S.:28-Dec.-1983

sigma718

    NOTE: One is in a very rich zone; is easy its identification, is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x, is one very pretty double, the components are united and have an identical magnitude.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:576 Epsin R.A.: 05h.21m.

Dec: 42º34'

Mag: 8.0,8.6 Sep.: 42" P.A.: 255º Nat:? Spec.:A,A
A.O.C.:67 D.S.C.:49 D. of D.S.:28-Dec.-1983

576espin

   

NOTE: One is in a rich zone; the components are very separated, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x; there is a slight difference of magnitude, I believe that both components are white, although cannot assure it.

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:1857

M:--

R.A.: 05h.17m.

Dec: 39º18'

Mag:10.0

Dim:9' A.O.C.:68 C.C. & N.O.:19
D. of D.S.:28-Dec-1983  

ngc1857

    NOTE: One is in a very rich zone; it is a small inserted stellar accumulation in a expléndido field, she is very pretty, and I do not observe any defined angle.

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:1912

M:38

R.A.: 05h.25m.

Dec: 35º48'

Mag:7.0

Dim:20'x25' A.O.C.:69 C.C. & N.O.:20
F.E.:00-Dec.-1983  

m38

    NOTE: It is a precious stellar accumulation, has cross form, whose limits are indicated by + which belong to shining stars, are formed by 60 stars of similar magnitude.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 666 R.A.: 05h.14m.

Dec: 33º17'

Mag: 8.0,8.0 Sep.: 3" P.A.: 76º Nat:? Spec.:G,G
A.O.C.: 70 D.S.C.: 50 D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983

sigma666

   

NOTE: One is in a quite rich zone; it is one weak double, to unfold it is essential the eyeglass of 100x, profit not to identify the colors.

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:1893

M:--

R.A.: 05h.22m.

Dec: 23º22'

Mag: 8.0

Dim:12' A.O.C.: 71 C.C. & N.O.: 21
D. of D.S.:00-Dec-1983  

ngc1893

    NOTE: It is a weak accumulation, he is pretty, it has form of 8; that is to say, it is formed by two differentiated nuclei, is easy his identification, are formed by the 20 stars, most luminous come indicated by symbol +.

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:1931

M:--

R.A.: 05h.28m.

Dec: 34º13'

Mag: ?

Dim:2' A.O.C.: 72 C.C. & N.O.: 22
D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983  

ngc1931

    NOTE: It is a weak stellar accumulation, it has granulated form, therefore, it is impossible to count the number of stars that compose it, is a pretty stellar accumulation and one is to us spectacular with the eyeglass of 200x, the most shining stars are to the south of the accumulation, however, it is possible to observe some stars in the contour of the accumulation.

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:1960

M:36

R.A.: 05h.32m.

Dec: 34º07'

Mag:6.5

Dim:12' A.O.C.: 73 C.C. & N.O.: 23
D. of D.S.: 00-Dec.-1983  

m36

    NOTE: It is a precious stellar accumulation, it has form of opposed semicircles, is surrounded by some stars shining indicated by +, story approximately 40 stars, the best image is obtained with the eyeglass of 200x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:26 R.A.: 05h.35m.

Dec: 30º28'

Mag: 5.6,8.0 Sep.: 12" P.A.: 268º Nat:f Spec.:?,?
A.O.C.: 74 D.S.C.: 51 D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983

26

    NOTE: One is in a rich zone; there is a remarkable difference of magnitude between the components, I do not identify the colors, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 764 R.A.: 05h.38m.

Dec: 29º28'

Mag: 6.3,6.8 Sep.: 25" P.A.: 16º Nat:? Spec.:A,?
A.O.C.: 74 D.S.C.: 51 D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983

sigma764

    NOTE: It is a pretty double of magnitude similar and slightly distanD.S.C., it is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x, the main one I see white it although I am not safe of it, however, profit not to identify the color of the secondary one.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 796 R.A.: 05h.46m.

Dec: 31º48'

Mag: 7.0,8.1 Sep.: 3.9" P.A.: 63º Nat:f Spec.:A,F
A.O.C.: 76 D.S.C.: 53 D. of D.S.: 00-Dec.-1983

sigma796

    NOTE: One is in a quite rich zone in stars of low brightness, which makes its identification complicated, it is a very close pair and of difficult deployment, being needed the eyeglass 200x.

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:2099

M:37

R.A.: 05h.49m.

Dec: 32º33'

Mag:6.2

Dim:9' A.O.C.:77 C.C. & N.O.: 24
D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983  

m37

    NOTE: It is a precious stellar accumulation, is observed granulated by the great amount of stars that compose it, sees four great condensations in squid form, are hundreds of immersed stars mainly in the center of the accumulation, the best observation is made with the eyeglass of 200x.

 

P L A N E T A R Y  N E B U L A E

IC:2149

M:--

R.A.: 05h.35m.

Dec: 46º07'

Mag: 9.9

Dim:15"x20" A.O.C.: 78 C.C. & N.O.: 25
D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983  

ic2149

        NOTE: One is in a very poor zone; very difficult to identify it, because it is little and in addition very small shining a planetary nebula, the star is observed cause of 9,0 magnitude and one small nebula around her.

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:2126

M:--

R.A.: 05h.58m.

Dec: 49º55'

Mag:9.8

Dim:6' A.O.C.: 79 C.C. & N.O.: 26
D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983  

ngc2126

    NOTE: It's a faint C L U S T E R and closed. It's situated to 8' to south of a star of six magnitude, that it's easy to find it. It's a C L U S T E R granualted and nebular.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:41 R.A.: 06h.07m.

Dec: 48º44'

Mag: 6.3,7.0 Sep.: 8" P.A.: 353º Nat:f Spec.:F,A
A.O.C.: 80 D.S.C.: 54 D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983

41

    NOTE: She is one of double the prettiest ones than I have observed until the moment in the constellation of Auriga, are two next enough stars and of magnitudes very seemed, their colors distinguish enough good, are in a rich zone, are unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x, although with the one of 200x, the spectacle is served.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:Web R.A.: 06h.07m.

Dec: 43º08'

Mag: 7.2,8.5 Sep.: 44" P.A.: 213º Nat:? Spec.:A,B
A.O.C.:82 D.S.C.: 56 D. of D.S.:00-Dec.-1983

web

    NOTE: One is in a rich zone in stars of low brightness, is one pretty double with a slight difference of magnitude between the components that are slightly separated, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 861 R.A.: 06h.08m.

Dec: 30º41'

Mag: 8.5, 9.3, 9.3 Sep.(AB): 62"

Sep.(BC): 1.6"

P.A.:(AB): 20º

P.A.:(BC): 90º

Nat: op Spec.: A, A, ?
A.O.C.: 84 D.S.C.: 58 D. of D.S. : 00-Dec.-1983

 

sigma861

    NOTA: One is in a rich zone; it is a precious triple, components AB is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x, however, the BC is essential the eyeglass of 200x and even so it is not so easy.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 928 R.A.: 06h.32m.

Dec: 38º35'

Mag: 7.4, 8.2 Sep.: 3.5" P.A.: 132º Nat:f Spec.:F, B
A.O.C.: 85 D.S.C.: 59 D. of D.S.: 00-Dec.-1983

sigma928

    NOTA: It's  beatifull double star, it's locates at 25' to east of UU Aurigae, red star and variable star of mira. It's seen both ones with 50x eyepieces

 

C L U S T E R

NGC:2281

M:--

R.A.: 06h.46m.

Dec: 41º07'

Mag: 6.7

Dim:17' A.O.C.: 86 C.C. & N.O.: 27
D. of D.S.: 00-Dec.-1983  

ngc2281

    NOTA: One is in a quite poor zone in stars; it is a weak stellar accumulation, is surrounded by four shining stars that emphasize in the field, in the center of the accumulation is peculiar to observe four stars in rhombus form, is a precious stellar accumulation, story approximately thirty stars of different magnitudes.

 

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