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C A M E L O P A R D A L I S 

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Mythology and history

Mitología de Camelopardalis

      Between Capella in Auriga and the polestar, extends an ample very poor zone in shining stars not identified until century XVII by denominated Hevelius Camelopardalis or the giraffe.  Camelopardalis appeared for the first time in the vault of the sky in 1624, in a great celestial planisphere that compiled S. Bartsch, Danish astronomer, son-in-law of Kepler, that also included the new considerations of the Fly (Musca), of the Unicornio (Monozeros), of the Lynx (Lynx), of the Jordán (not known), of the Hen (nonexistent), the Rodaballo (also nonexistent animal marine) and of the Dove (Columba), all of them constellations that suggested the navigators of century XVI. Hevelius did not adopt all; it excluded, for example, to the Hen and the Jordán, whereas the Rodaballo (austral constellation), Lacaille included it in the Reticulum (optical device for micrometric measures) after a trip after Good Hope (South Africa) that it took place between 1750 and 1754.

               

        

Therefore, Camelopardalis throughout does not appear of constant form in the celestial cartography century XVII. The original idea of Bertschius had been to call Camel to this constellation in memory of the Biblical animal that took to Rebeca and Isaac. But somehow, to the Latin word Camelus some syllables were added to him and degenerated in Camelopardalis, that it means Giraffe. Constellation not had far from it what life calls calm since its western part, the one that is in contact with the enemy with Cassiopea and with Cepheus, populated by insignificant estrellitas later subdivided in other two constellations giving origin  in 1774 the one of the Harvester (Messier) by work of Llande, that it wanted to honor to famous the Charles Messier by his precious work of compilation of remarkable celestial objects, and the one of the Reindeer, to proposal of Lemonier, which it wished to offer a celestial dwelling to this species of polar rumiantes equipment, that had had occasion to appreciate in 1776, during a trip to the northern regions of Europe.

       Finally the resolutions of the commission of the Astronomical Union the International, defined of once for always, which is the present criteria of subdivision of the constellations, and thus, Camelopardalis conquered one finally deserved tranquillity.

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Characteristics

      

    Camelopardalis is visible a circumpolar constellation in the North hemisphere throughout the year and hair net from the south. It is an ample constellation of more than 760 square degrees and completes the toponymy of the sky that lacks between all the showy constellations with which it is contiguous.

     It limits the north with a declination of +87º with the Little Bear, the east with Cepheus and Casiopea, the south with Perseus, Auriga and Lynx and to the west with the Bear Mayor and Draco.

     The most luminous stars of Camelopardalis are of the fourth magnitude and only seven of them have a brightness superior to the fifth magnitude. In spite of that poor stellar density, the Milky Route crosses by the south of the bordering constellation Perseus.

    Camelopardalis I located the 11 to it of August  of 1986, was then 19 years old

Constelación de Camelopardalis

Main stars

Alpha, a: of blue color, magnitude 4,29. Form leaves from stellar cluster NGC 1502, as it stars associate.

Beta, b; of 4.03 magnitude and yellow color. It is a double star. Light is to 1000 añoz, is a giant two thousand times more luminous than our Sun.

Gamma, g; of 4.62 magnitude and white color. Light is to 340 years, being 200 times more luminous than our Sun.

Other objects

           NGC 1502: Stellar cluster of 7' of arc. Light of us is to 3,100 years. It is of irregular form. It has an age of 20 million years.

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Observations by telescope

D O U B L E

Nom: S 373 R.A.: 03h.18m.

Dec: 62º34'

Mag: 7.6,10.0 Sep.: 20" P.A.: 117º Nat:f Spec.:?,?
AOC: 653 DSC: 462 D. of D.S.: 00h.22m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986

sigma373

NOTE: One is in a partially poor zone in stars; there is a great difference of magnitude between the components, the separation is ideal, I do not distinguish the colors of the components, easy to locate is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 374 R.A.: 03h.20m.

Dec: 67º16'

Mag: 7.8,9.0 Sep.: 11" P.A.: 295º Nat:f Spec.:K,?
AOC:654 DSC: 463 D. of D.S.: 00h.27m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986

sigma374

NOTE: One is in a zone not very rich; there is a remarkable difference of magnitude between the components of the pair, are little separated, the colors are different, the main one is orange, however, secondary the profit not to identify it, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 396 R.A.: 03h.29m.

Dec: 58.36º'

Mag: 6.3,8.2 Sep.: 20" P.A.: 245º Nat:f Spec.:A,B
AOC: 655 DSC: 464 D. of D.S.:00h.31m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986

sigma396

NOTE: One is in a rich zone; there is a slight difference of magnitude, are together, his colors are similarities, easy to locate is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:OS 36 R.A.: 03h.33m.

Dec: 63º43'

Mag: 6.8,8.6 Sep.: 47" P.A.: 73º Nat:op Spec.:B,A
AOC: 656 DSC: 465 D. of D.S.:00h.35m.)TU);11-Aug.-1986

osigma36

NOTE: One is in a rich zone; there is a slight difference of magnitude, are quite separated, his phantoms are similarities, easy to locate is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 485 R.A.: 04h.03m.

Dec: 62º11'

Mag: 6.8,6.8 Sep.: 18" P.A.: 303º Nat:f Spec.:?,?
AOC: 657 DSC: 466 D. of D.S.:00h.39m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986

C L U S T E R

NGC:1502

M:--

R.A.: 04h.03m.

Dec: 62º11'

Mag:5.3

Dim:7' AOC:658 CNOC: 193
D. of D.S.: 00h.40m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986  

D O U B L E

Nom:S 484 R.A.: 04h.07m.

Dec: 62º23'

Mag: 10.0, 10.5 Sep.: 5.4" P.A.: 132º Nat:? Spec.:?,?
AOC:659 DSC: 467 D. of D.S.: 00h.42m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986

sigma485 & 484

    NOTE: S 485: She is pretty double an immersed one in a precious stellar cluster, both components are of the same magnitude, the distance that separates to them is ideal, easy to locate is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

    NGC1502: It is a very pretty, small and subtle cluster stellar; the previous double comprises of the cluster; it is formed by fourteen dispersed stars in a field of 7'; all the stars of the cluster have the same magnitude except the double, that I value them of approximate magnitude 8.5.

    S 484: Is one catalogued double and identified in the Sky Catalogue 2000,0 of Sinnot, it is to 10' to the NGC1502 east, his components they are of low magnitude, they are slightly separated, profit not to identify the colors, is one pretty and simple double; it is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

    Concluding, the set formed by both doubles and the cluster are a true wonder, that is due to observe more of once and taking care of this wonderful sky that is the firmament.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:1 R.A.: 04h.28m.

Dec: 53º48'

Mag: 5.7,6.9 Sep.: 10" P.A.: 309º Nat:f Spec.:A,B
AOC: 670 DSC: 468 D. of D.S.:00h.46m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986

1

NOTE: One is in a rich zone; there is a slight difference of magnitude, are not separated, the colors of the components are similarities, easy to locate is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 618 R.A.: 04h.59m.

Dec: 63º01'

Mag: 8.6,8.6 Sep.: 34" P.A.: 213º Nat:f? Spec.:B,A
AOC: 671 DSC: 469 D. of D.S.:00h.51m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986

sigma618

NOTE: One is in a poor zone; both components have the same magnitude, are slightly separated, easy to locate is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 459 R.A.: 04h.59m.

Dec: 60º23'

Mag: 4.2,8.5 Sep.: 81" P.A.: 208º Nat:op Spec.:A,B
AOC: 672 DSC: 470 D. of D.S.:00h.54m.(UT);11-Aug.-1986

sigma459

NOTE: One is in a very poor zone; there is a small difference of magnitude, the colors of this pair are different, easy to locate is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 362 R.A.: 03h.12m.

Dec: 59º51'

Mag: 8.4,8.8 Sep.: 7.1" P.A.: 142º Nat:f Spec.:B,A
AOC:679 DSC: 487 D. of D.S.: 22h.21m.(UT);12-Sep.-1986

D O U B L E

Nom:Not catalogue R.A.: 03h.13m.

Dec: 59º45'

Mag: 9.0,9.2 Sep.: 20" P.A.: 300º Nat:? Spec.:K,B
AOC:680 DSC:488 D. of D.S.:22h.24m.(UT);12-Sep.-1986

D O U B L E

Nom:Not catalogue R.A.: 03h.11m.

Dec: 59º50'

Mag: 7.5,9.5 Sep.: 30" P.A.: 350º Nat:? Spec.:A,M
AOC:681 DSC:489 D. of D.S.: 22h.30m.(UT);12-Sep.-1986

C L U S T E R

N:Stock 23

M:--

R.A.: 03h.12m.

Dec: 60º00'

Mag:8.5

Dim:25'x10' AOC:682 CNOC:194
D. of D.S.: 22h.35m.(UT);12-Sep.-1986  

sigma362 & Stock 23

NOTE: S 362: Stock 23 is immersed in the cluster; there is a small difference of magnitude, his colors are similarities, is the third star more shining of the field, the rest of brilliants that emphasize are to the north of the cluster, unfolds the double without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x. DSC 488: There is a smallest difference of magnitude, are very separated, the colors of both components are different, the main one is orange, however, the secondary one is bluish; one is to 20' to the east of the previous double, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.

DSC 488: There is a smallest difference of magnitude, are very separated, the colors of both components are different, the main one is orange, however, the secondary one is bluish; one is to 20' to the east of the previous double, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.

DSC 489: There is a remarkable difference of magnitude, the secondary one is of reddish color that emphasizes with the main one that she is white, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.

Stock 23: It is a catalogued stellar cluster and identified in the Sky Catalogue 2000,0 of Sinnot, it is formed by twenty stars of which three doubles are immersed in him; the magnitudes of the cluster make the rounds of the 7,5, 8,5 and 9,5 of magnitude, the direction is of sense the north-south, is formed by 25 stars, the phantom of the youngest star is B3, concentration does not exist towards the center, and associated cloudiness has been observed the cluster. But I have not observed it or detected with R-90 mm, it is a pretty stellar cluster, his approximate size is of 25'x20 '.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 385 R.A.: 03h.25m.

Dec: 59º45'

Mag: 4.5,8.8 Sep.: 2.5" P.A.: 164º Nat: f Spec.: F, ?
AOC: 685 DSC: 492 D. of D.S.: 22h.59m.(UT); 12-Sep.-1986

D O U B L E

Nom: S 384 R.A.: 03h.24m.

Dec: 60º00'

Mag: 8.5,9.5 Sep.: 20" P.A.: 170º Nat: ? Spec.: ?, ?
AOC: 686 DSC: 493 D. of D.S.: 23h.01m.(TU); 12-Sep.-1986

sigma385

NOTE: S 385: One is in a relatively rich field; the difference of brightness between the components very is elevated; it is unfolded with 200x, in her we observed two precious suns of sure yellow and the secondary inapreciable due to the magnitude that it has.

    S 384: One is to only 15' to the west of S385. Both components have a small difference of brightness, are something more separated, since it is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x, like previous the profit not to identify its colours.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 1625 R.A.: 12h.14m.

Dec: 80º25'

Mag: 7.5,7.8 Sep.: 14" P.A.: 220º Nat:f Spec.:A,A
AOC:739 DSC:538 D. of D.S.: 22h.42m.(TU);07-Feb.-1987

sigma1625

    NOTA: One is in a partially poor zone; there is a small difference of magnitude, are slightly together, collection that both are white, is one very pretty and delicate double; easy to locate it is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

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