ori.gif (1448 bytes) Mythology and history

Mythology of Columba

    In name of Columba or the dove must to the flamenco Petrus Plancius and in the famous atlas of Johann Bayer, of 1603, it is symbolized for the first time plumado heraldo of La Paz with the branch of olive tree in the tip, returned to the coffer which Noah still doubted if to leave.

     As in Egypt the main stars of Columba are observable in the South horizon during the months of boreal winter, the theory is still known that some Egyptian temples were oriented in a the direction in which this constellation rose


ori.gif (1448 bytes) Characteristics

         Columa is a constellation that is in visible the austral hemisphere during the months of September to April in the South hemisphere and in the north during the nights you cold of winter. It limits the north with Canis Major and Lepus, the east with Caelum, the south with Pictor and Puppis and the west with the constellation of Puppis. Its form is practicamente rectangular solely irregular in the sector the northwest that limits with Canis Major. One is to 30 of South latitude of the galactic equator observing in her several stellar rich zones in shining stars and stellar and globular clusters.

        The constellation of Columba I located at November 9th, 1985 when I was 18 years old from Can Picafort, Mallorca Island, Spain.

Constellation of Columba

Main stars

       Alpha, a; denominated Phact, of blue color and magnitude 2.60, light is to 140 years and is 140 times more luminous than our Sun.

       Beta, b; denominated Wezn, of color orange, and magnitude 3,11. One is in the central sector of the constellation, dista, also 140 years light of us; he is 90 times more luminous than our Sun

       Gamma, g; of magnitude 4.36, weaker of brightness it is of blue color. Dista 850 years Earth light, is a blue supergiant 1000 times more luminous than our Sun.

       Delta, d; of mangitud 3.85 one is already very next to the constellation of Canis Major, of yellow color like our dista Sun 180 years light. It is 70 times more luminous.


Other objects

       NGC 1851; spectacular globular accumulation of magnitude 7.30 located to the south of the constellation, with 11' of I burn with diameter located to 39,000 years Earth light.

      NGC 1808; spiral galaxy of the Sa type of magnitude 9.9 and 7'x4 ' of diameter arc.


ori.gif (1448 bytes) Observations by telescope


Nom:h 3735 R.A.: 05h.11m.

Dec: -3157'

Mag: 4.6, 8.6 Sep.: 7.2" P.A.: 152 Nat:f Spec.: A, A
A.O.C.: 437 DSC: 320 DDS: 23h.57m.(UT);9-Nov.-1985


    NOTE: One is in a partially rich zone; in the field there are approximately ten stars, is a small difference of magnitude, are together, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.



Other constellations

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Masm (Last update 2004-02-07)