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H E R C U L E S

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Mythology and history

Mythology of Hercules

          

  Hercules: childhood and first feats.

              Hercules is the maximum of classic mythology, tebano hero of birth and, during part of its life, also of residence, although tirintio or miceneo by his family. As far as the Spanish transition of its name, the form is recommendable "Hercules" rather who the form "Heracles". Hercules, son of Zeus, are the last hero whom this he generates in mortal woman, when falling in love with Alcmena, the daughter of Electrión, which being she in Tebas, he deceives presenting/displaying to it him with the corporal figure of Host. Alcmena, established in Tebas with Host, had not allowed in completing its marriage with Host until this one executed the campaign of punishment against the Teléboas that Electrión had not been able to carry out. Also Host, after the episode of the vixen of Teomeso, had started off for Tafos and, thanks to the treason of I commit, had obtained to a total victory against Pterelao and the Teléboas. It undertakes, then, Host its triunfal return to Tebas, but when he is already near the city, when Zeus, enamored with Alcmena, appears her being made happen through Host, tells him that he has fulfilled victoriously the mission of punishment against teléboas who it had demanded to him (being the killing ones of the brothers of Alcmena), and obtains so Alcmena receives to him in its bed, thinking that she is Host and allowing finally in the consumation of the marriage: deceit of most famous of all classic mythology.    

          

The enthusiasm of Zeus by Alcmena is so great, that, having arrived next to her when beginning the night, it triples the duration of that night that happens with Alcmena, causing that the sun leaves with twenty-four hours of delay on which orto when finishing would have been ordinary his that night. However, with Apolodoro it agrees the senecana narration well: "that son for whose birth the sky consumed a day and the sun late left in the Eastern sea by to it to have ordered him that retained its lights submerged in the Ocean", with which the continuity of the stay of Zeus with Alcmena during one night of thirty and six hours, and a delay of twenty-four hours in the subsequent exit of the sun, seems to be the most genuine form of this mythical tradition of the conception of Hercules.

          Finished the long night, Zeus, without discovering to Alcmena his true identity, gives a glass to him that says to have received from its soldiers like victory trophy; behind which, Zeus march, always without leaving to Alcmena the smaller indication or suspects that she is not the true Host. Shortly after apparently, during the day that follows the long night, the true Host arrives and it seems to him that Alcmena welcomes it with certain coldness; it is more, when referring to him the details of the campaign, Alcmena says to him that already is had counted the previous night, night that has happened with her, which alarm greatly to Host, who calls to Tiresias so that she illustrates to him on which she has been able to him to happen.

           It is not born Hercules (and, after him, Íficles), and after his birth continues Hera either the persecution against him already initiated when delaying his birth, but that will be bloody and most tenacious during all the life of Hercules, until the point to constitute, next to other facts, an almost permanent relation between both, relation that, according to a current etimología in the Antiquity, would explain the Greek name of Hercules like "the glory of Hera". Only when Hercules finishes his Earth feats and divinizado and is transferred to the sky, his father obtains finally Zeus who Hera reconciles with Hercules, reconciliation sealed by the marriage of Hebe, daughter of Hera and Zeus, with Hercules. At the moment Hera initiates the persecution against the boy Hercules when this one still is in the cradle, sending to him two extraordinary serpents that that hopes they end him. Hercules then or finished being born or was eight months or ten or a year. The boy strangles the serpents with his two hands. According to Fericides, the one was the own Host that threw the serpents to the cradle where brothers slept both, wanting to prove them and to know by his reactions which of both was son of Zeus and as was his, and knew that Íficles was its son because it was scared and it fled from the serpents, while Hercules did to them in front and he drowned them.

           In Tebas he is growing Hercules and receiving education: Host teaches to him to drive cars, Autólico, son of Hermes, to fight with the arms and body, Éurito, king of Ecalia, to shoot the arc, Cástor to fight with the arms, Linen to touch the zither and to sing to his agreed ones. To Linen, brother of Orfeo, kills Hercules striking to him with the irritated lira because Linen had struck as well him. Court by this homicide, defended Hercules alleging a law of Radamantis that innocent proclaimed to whom repelled an unjust aggression, and was acquitted. But Host, fearing who Hercules repeated such performance, sends it to take care of of the cattle in the pastizales. There he is where Hercules is made adult reaching enormous stature and force.

          The first feat of Hercules went to give death to the lion of the Citerón, that caused damage in the bovine flocks of Host and Tespio. It was Hercules eighteen years old, and al Citerón with the intention was directed to give to hunting al lion, thing that did not obtain more than al end of fifty days, during whose nights it lodged in house of Tespio, king of Tespias in Beocia. It had Tespio fifty daughters, and it conceived the project of which all of them had children of Hercules. For it every night made lie down with a different one, believing Hercules who was always the same one; own peculiar characteristic, of the "civilization of the dark" that has lasted until in the last years of century XIX the electrical light became general.

        Hercules generates thus in the Tespiades up to fifty children.

           But there are variants: Hercules lies in a single night with the fifty Tespiades; or he lies, also in a single night, only with forty and nine because one of them refuses, and then Hercules the sentence to perpetual virginity like priestess hers; or he lies with the fifty in seven days. Also he varies the number of children whom he generates in the Tespiades: fifty, fifty and two, by to have had twin greater and the minor. In all the cases they are men all.

              To the fifty days, then, it kills the lion, it skins it, and it uses the skin like cover and fauces like helmet, and this one is the famous clothes of Hercules.

                The second feat of Hercules went to release to the tebanos of the onerous tribute that were forced to satisfy king Ergino de Orcómeno, king of the Minias, father of Trofonio and Agamedes, son of Clímeno, grandson of Presbón, and biznieto of Frixo and Calcíope. The tribute consisted of one hundred cows to the year during a period of twenty, and had been imposed by Ergino to the tebanos, after causing in them great loss of life and like condition of La Paz, in punishment to have given to death to its Clímeno father a called tebano Perieres, auriga of Meneceo. The emissaries of Ergino came, then, to receive the annual tribute, when Hercules with them and ultraja with the most refined to ferocidad, cutting to them runs into ears, noses and hands and tying them to it to the necks, behind which orders to them that they are going to say to Ergino that that is the tribute that takes of Tebas. Ergino returns to take revenge, but Hercules, who has received arms of Athenian, and who is placed at the top of the tebano army, it defeat and kills, and imposes then to those of Orcómeno a double tribute of which they had imposed to Tebas. In this battle Host dies. Hercules, in prize of his distinguished performance, receives from Creonte the hand of his greater daughter, Mégara, of that has three children, Terímaco calls, Creontiades and Deicoonte.

Templo de Hércules en Agrigento, Sicilia, Italia

          Creonte marries to his second daughter with Íficles, the stepbrother of Hercules, who, of a previous marriage, with Astimedusa, daughter of Alcátoo, had a called son Iolao, who was always very wanted of Hercules. On the other hand Alcmena, when being widow, house again, with Radamantis, the son of Europe and Zeus, who had been exiled of Crete to have given death to his brother, and both lives in Ocáleas de Beocia until the death of Alcmena, outpost age and after to have survived their son Hercules and his grandson Thread.

              Being learned Hercules of Éurito the handling of the arc and arrows, receives from Hermes a sword, Apolo the arc, Hefesto an armor of gold, Athenian peplo and Posidón a horse; he himself makes his other great characteristic weapon, the mace, cutting it of a tree of Nemea.

            Next Hera, that hates to him and it will persecute to him tenaciously during all his life, does him to return crazy, in whose state it kills the children whom it has had of Mégara and to two of Íficles, behind which it recovers the lucidity, it is purified by Tespio, and goes to Delfos, to consult to Apolo where it must live.

           When arriving Hercules at Delfos, receives for the first time, of the Pitia, the name of Hercules, having itself called Alcida before, that is to say, the patronímico relative to his paternal grandfathers Alceo, the father of Host.

          Hercules, then, is greeted in Delfos with the new name by the Pitia, that next communicates to him that it must put themselves to the orders of Euristeo, king of Tirinto and Micenas and make ten works that this one will command to him, and that once it has carried out them he will be inmortal.

 

Temple of Hercules in Agrigento, Sicily, Italy, the personage of the photo am I. He is done by my lover.

 

 

The works of Hercules.

           The first work that Euristeo orders Hercules is to bring the skin to him of the lion of Nemea.

        Hercules puts itself in way towards Nemea, that is to about twenty kilometers of Tirinto, and arrived at Cleonas lodges in house of called worker Molorco, to whom sees arranged to offer a sacrifice to Rescuing Zeus.

         Hercules dissuades to him to do then the sacrifice, convincing that he waits for thirty days to him, at the end of which if Hercules returns winning had Molorco to offer in effect the sacrifice to Rescuing Zeus, and in case that Hercules perished in the attempt, to offer it to it to the own Hercules in quality of hero. Next he directs themselves to the places frequented by the lion, to that finds, and begins to shoot his arrows to him, not knowing that the fierce one was invulnerable. But to see that the arrows bounced to him in the skin, he persecutes it with the mace cornering to him in a cave that had two exits; after blinding one of them he penetrates in the cave, and passing the arm to him through the neck he drowns it or he strangles. He later arranges himself to skin it, thing that does not obtain until it happens oneself to him to make the first tear with the own nails of the fierce one.

         Hercules returns to house of Molorco, taking the skin of the lion, indeed the last day of the been suitable term and when Molorco was already arranged to offer the sacrifice to him like hero; together, then, they offer the sacrifice to Rescuing Zeus. Next Hercules takes skin of lion to Euristeo, who is imprisoned of so pavor, that she orders there that in the successive Hercules it remains in the outskirts and waits for the referring orders to the subsequent and successive works, that he will give him by mediation of heraldo Copreo, while he, on the other hand, Euristeo, tinaja is locked in in one who commands to put in a cellar, to be thus under cover and protected of Hercules and fierce that he himself sends to him to bring, the dead, alive others. Euristeo is, thus, great the cowardly one of hercúlea mythology, odiosa figure in any case, although this odiosidad could be mitigated being the instrument of Hera.

           By mediation, then, of Corpeo the second work, consisting of orders Euristeo to Hercules giving death to the Hidra in Lerna.

         Hercules mounts in a car drived by his faithful Iolao nephew, and arrives at the environs of Lerna, and indeed next to the Amimone source, where was the hiding place of the Hidra. He forces it to leave his hiding place being thrown to him ignited arrows, and with the mace he cuts the heads to him, but without obtaining advantage some, because they brought forth two by each one that cut. The Hidra enrosca in addition in one to the legs of Hercules, and on the other hand arises a gigantic crab, sent by Hera, that as allied of the Hidra also attacks Hercules, who calls on the other hand like ally to Iolao after giving death to the crab. Iolao ignites part of the immediate forest, and with tizones it burns the necks of the Hidra preventing so the heads proliferate. Then Hercules cuts finally the inmortal head to him, buries it placing a heavy rock above, opens in channel the body of the Hidra and submerges his arrows in the bile of this one, making be soaked them and impregnate themselves well of the poison of the monster. This operation is of fatal and decisive consequences, because in successive the arrows of Hercules, thanks to the poison of the Hidra, will produce wounded necessarily mortal for the mortals and necessarily incurables for the inmortales, being cause of the passage of God to mortal of the Centaur Chiron, the death of most of the Centaurs, and in special of the one of the Neso Centaur, that will bring like consequence, some time later, the death of the own Hercules by the poison of one of its own arrows; and in the course of time, the use of these arrows in the site of Troy, essential for the conquest of the city, and in individual the death of Paris by one of them, shot by Filoctetes. Thus it is, then, as it gave top to Hercules to this second work; but Euristeo, alleging that it could not be valid by it not to have made single Hercules but with the aid of Iolao, excludes it from the account of the ten by him ordered

       

          The third work that orders Euristeo to Hercules is to bring alive to Micenas cierva of Cerinía, commonly called cierva of the gold horns. Then, cierva consecrated to Ártemis was this, and that seems to be in the myth the cause that was ordered to him to bring it lives, and of which, in addition, it did not love Hercules either to hurt it. It persecutes it, thus, carefully, lasting a whole year the persecution, until to the aim the capture, not nevertheless without shooting an arrow lately to him, at the moment at which cierva was passing the Ladón river; and loading it to it on shoulders it transports it through Arcadia in the direction of Micenas. During this trip of return with cierva to hills, is Hercules with Apolo and Ártemis; this one throws in face its attempt to him to give death to an animal that was consecrated to him, and tries, as well, to snatch it to it to Hercules; but this one apologizes alleging the necessity in that it is to obey to Euristeo, with which the goddess appeases itself and it allows him that takes it, as in effect does, managing to make it arrive alive at Micenas.

          

Another spectacular Vista of the temple of Hercules in Agrigento, Sicily, Italy

          

  

             As fourth work orders Euristeo to Hercules to bring, also alive, to the wild boar of the Erimanto, animal that devastated the Psofide. This work is little significant or important in itself, but famous however by an accessory episode, that is the following one. In his way towards the Erimanto (mountain of Arcadia) Hercules stays itself in Fóloe, in house of the Folo centaur, son of Islander and a Melia nymph. Folo offers to Hercules roasted meat, while he himself the crude taking. Hercules requests wine, in spite of his amiability (only he and Chiron are good between the Centaurs), says to him that it seems dangerous to open the barrel to him that is common property of the Centaurs; but Hercules insists, Folo opens it, and to the scent of the wine the Centaurs armed of rocks and firs go. Hercules rejects to both first, Anquio and Agrio, with tizones ignited, and to the others persecutes them to flechazo until the Malea promontory, in the South end of the Peloponeso. The Centaurs protected themselves behind Chiron, and an arrow sent against one of them, Élato, crosses the arm to him and is going to nail in the knee of Chiron, being caused enormous misfortune to Hercules, who runs to remove it to it and he applies a remedy to him that provides own Chiron to him. But the wound was incurable being inmortal Chiron, and this one, overwhelmed by the terrible pains that produced to him, asks Zeus who makes him die so that their sufferings stop. It seemed this impossible one, but one obtains thanks to the intervention of Prometheus, who offers itself instead of Chiron.

           Of the remaining Centaurs, most of which they managed to escape were welcomed by Posidón in a mount next to Eleusis; one of the survivors, Euritón call, takes refuge in Fóloe, and soon we will see as it also dies to the aim into the hands of Hercules. But most famous of those survivors it is Neso, that arrives at the Eveno river, in Etolia, and there it will remain until to the aim it also annihilates Hercules, already towards the aim of the life of this one. As far as Folo, it starts of a one of deads arrow and it is put to examine it, marvelling itself at which being so small it can give to death as gigantic beings as they are they, the Centaurs; but while it is observing it slips to him of the hand, it falls to him in a foot and it kills it in the act.

          Hercules in his return to Fóloe buries honorable to the good Folo Centaur, behind which part finally in search of the wild boar, persecutes it and harasses until making put it in a place where the snow is very deep, being already the tired animal, it captures it bow, and it takes it to Micenas alive. The teeth of this wild boar tried to have them, at historical time, kept in a temple from Apolo, the inhabitants of Cumas.

           As fifth work receives Hercules the order to clean to the stables of king Augías removing in a single day all the dung. It was Augías king of the Élide, son either of the sun, or of Posidón, or of Forbante, and had enormous flocks. To him Hercules appears, but instead of showing that he comes by order of Euristeo, the hidden thing to him, and agrees with him the cleaning of the stables in a single day at the cost of the tenth part of the cattle. Augías accedes to this pact because it does not create Hercules able to fulfill it thus, but as witness of the pact acts the own son of Augías, Fileo. Hercules opens a channel in the foundations of the stable, and, turning aside the course of the rivers Alfeo and Peneo, he manages to make pass them by the stables and that its impetuous current drags the dung, thus being clean in a single day the stables. But Augías, that has found out of which it has done by order of Euristeo, refuses to give the been suitable wage, being to him arranged to go in opinion. In the Fileo judgment it attests against his father and in favor of Hercules, reason why Augías, angered, expels them from its kingdom to both. Fileo is going to settle down to the island of Duliquio. Hercules marches at the moment to house of Dexámeno, releases to the daughter of this one, Mnesímaca, of the necessity to marry violently with the Euritión Centaur, that to it he loved to force it, giving death to the Centaur.

Temple of Hercules in Agrigento, Sicily, Italy

        

In whatever to the cleaning of the stables of Augías, this work was doubly useless for Hercules, because if by a part, since we have seen, Augías refused to pay the been suitable price to him, alleging that service of Euristeo had to make it of all ways be al, to its time this refused to give validity him, alleging that it had done it by means of contract with Augías, by which, the same thing that the second work, was excluded from the account; and they are, thus, the works second and fifth those that, when not being accepted like valid by Euristeo, give rise that this exiga other two more in their place and to that are twelve altogether.

         The sixth work ordered by Euristeo went to drive away to the birds of the Estinfalo, lake of Arcadia surrounded by thick forest, in which they took refuge, fleeing from the wolves, innumerable birds. Not knowing Hercules like making leave them the thickness, it gives to Athenian bronze castanets him that were received she of Hefesto as well. It makes sound, and the birds, stampedes, undertake the flight; Then Hercules the Father to flechazos.

          The seventh work consisted of bringing alive of Crete a bull that, according to Acusilao, would be the one that had transported princess Europe to take it to presence of Zeus, was the bull that made appear of the sea Posidón when Minos promised to sacrifice what the sea it left; then having, in effect, prodigiously left a magnificent bull, Minos, admired of his beauty, it did not want to sacrifice it, sending it to thicken his flocks and sacrificing another one in his place; Posidón, irritated, made savage to the bull, but, mainly, the refined revenge was taken against Minos to cause that her Pasifae wife, daughter of the sun, fell in love with the bull, and so lost way, that she obtained, thanks to the aid of Labyrinth, to arrive at the consumation of this beastly love, conceiving of the bull the called monster Minotauro. Then, of this bull monstrous loved by Pasifae it is of that explicitly they say Diodoro and Higinio that was the one that Euristeo control to Hercules to bring. Hercules appears to Minos and he exposes his mission to him; Minos authorizes to him to capture it if it can. Thus Hercules does, takes it to Euristeo (crossing the Aegean Sea to backs of the bull according to Diodoro), and, after showing it, to it it leaves it small change. The bull crosses the Peloponeso, crosses the Isthmus and finishes settling down in the Ática, in Maratón, where cause damage and some time later will kill Teseo in which she will be one of the most famous feats of this one.

             The eighth work consisted of bringing to Micenas the anthropophagous mares of Diomedes, king of Thrace and son of You plow, possessor of mares which it had taught to feed itself on the meat of its guests.

         

           Hercules leaves accompanied from some volunteers, and during its outward journey he takes break in Feras de Tesalia, in the palace of the king Admeto, whose Alcestis wife he releases of the arms of the Death.

             It continues this its trip and when arriving at Thrace, to the country of the Bístones, that was the subjects of Diomedes, it breaks the in to the stables and one takes the mares in the direction of the sea. They go the Bístones, with Diomedes at the top, and then Hercules leaves the mares to the care of his Abdero favorite, and he fights with the Bístones, king Diomedes kills to many of them including a, and flees to the rest. Meanwhile the mares had devoured to Abdero; There Hercules founds same the city of Abdera, next to the tomb in which he buries his friend, and takes the mares to Euristeo. This one loosen them, and the mares direct themselves to the Mount Olympus, where they die as well devoured by the fierce ones.

              As ninth work orders Euristeo to Hercules who brings the belt of Hipólita, he reigns of the Amazon.

Temple of Hercules in Agrigento, Sicily, Italy photographed from the statue of nonobservable Zeus in the photo.

         

      

             Hercules embarks, in company of allies and volunteers, and after some skirmishes in Unemployments (where he gives death to four children of Minos called Eurimedonte, Crises, Nefalión and Filolao and take to its service, in compesación of two of its companions who had been assassinated by the parios, to two grandsons of Minos, children of andrógeo, calls Alceo and Esténelo) and in Misia (where, in aid of king Lico, it fights to the Bébrices and it gives death to king Migdon, brother of Ámico, snatching to the Bébrices great part of its territory, that gives to Lico, that him gives the name of Heraclea), above to the country of the Amazon, casting anchor in Temiscira.

           There it goes to on board visit queen to him Hipólita, who, after finding out by the own Hercules of the intention that has brought to him, promises to give him the belt to him. But meanwhile Hera, taking the appearance from an Amazon, appears before the multitude of these and it notifies false to them that her queen has been made prisoner by the foreigners; the then Amazon is sent to horse against the ship. Hercules, thinking that he is an ambush previously ready, gives death to Hipólita, he clears the belt to him, and fighting with the Amazon rest levy the anchors and he puts to sea, arriving, not much later, to the coasts of Troy.

                When arriving Hercules, Troy was afflicted by a calamity extremely seemed, although not in his origin, to which in Ethiopia he had remedied Perseo when releasing to Andrómeda, because also in Troy she was the daughter of the king, Hesíone call, chained to a rock to be devoured by a marine monster; but the origin of such misfortune had been perfidia of king Laomedonte against the Gods Posidón and Apolo. These had come to Troy to put themselves to the service of Laomedonte, either outside in human figure and to prove to Laomedonte, or without disguising their condition of Gods and like punishment imposed by Zeus to have rebelled against him.

             Then, at the moment for arriving Hercules, Hesíone is, in effect, chained waiting for the arrival of the monster that is to devour it. From no longer there is nothing of common here with perseo-Andrómeda except for the knot done of which safe Hercules to Hesíone killing to the cetacean and by means of a pact with the father of the young person, in the same way who Perseo had saved to Andrómeda killing to the cetacean and by means of a pact with the parents of Andrómeda; but all the others are already net different: the way to kill the cetacean, the content of the pact, its breach by Laomedonte, the consequences of this breach and, very outstanding characteristic, the absolute absence of loving interest of Hercules by burning Hesíone unlike, the faithful and lasting conjugal passion of Perseo by Andrómeda. Hercules, then, offers itself to save to Hesíone, agreeing with Laomedonte that will receive in compensates the divine horses that formerly Zeus to Tros gave, grandfathers of Laomedonte, like repair by the pact of its Ganímedes son. Hercules, in effect, waits for the arrival del monster and he gives death him, after of as he releases to Hesíone and the delivery to its father, but, is another version in which the liberation is previous to the slaughter del monster, and later of the slaughter Hercules it gives to choose to Hesíone between remaining with his father or going away with Hercules, choosing young the this last one, by fear to return to be given to any new monster; behind which Hercules leaves it in deposit to Laomedonte, together with the horses, until he returns with the Argonautas; and he is when he returns when Laomedonte refuses to give the horses to him. Hercules at the moment limits itself to threaten it the war, and he puts to sea. And after some skirmishes in Eno, Tasos and Torone, he arrives at Micenas and he gives to Euristeo the belt of Hipólita.

           The tenth work consisted of bringing alive to Micenas, from the borders of the Ocean, the cows of the monstrous Gerión, being of three bodies that lived in Eritía, island located next to which later was Cadiz, next to the ocean. It had the monster downwards the three bodies fused in one from the waist for above, and well separated from the hips. Their innumerable ones been vacant were shepherded by Euritión and kept by also the monstrous bicephalous dog Orto, son of Equidna and Tifoeo.

            This one is one of the longest trips of Hercules. There are two versions on this trip, in one, begins it by Europe, but it happens later to Africa, and arriving Tarteso later, in the southern coast of Spain, it places there, in the borders of Europe and Africa, like memory of his step, columns that in the successive thing will be called the columns of Hercules. However, in the other it is implied not necessarily, although, that it would make all the trip by earth, without leaving Europe, and during this trip this terrestrial trip takes place the adventure from which will be the name of the Pyrenean one or pirenaica mountain range. In the first version, also the formation or opening of the Straits of Gibraltar is told, establishing communication between the Ocean and the Mediterranean. In this same version, an excessive heat is saidthat Hercules, then, continues his trip, receiving from the sun, so it aims with his arc against the Sun; admired this one of as much boldness, vasija of gold provides one to him that serves to him as boat to arrive at the island from Eritía being crossed the ocean. Thus it makes Hercules, it arrives at its destiny, it strikes to the dog of Orto with the mace, kills Euritión cattle tender, takes the cows, also it kills Gerión, that goes, warned by another shepherd to rescue them, puts the cows in vasija of gold, undertakes the return passage and, having arrived at Tarteso, it gives back vasija to the Sun, continuing its trip, with the flock, on foot, by Spain and Italy in the direction of Greece.

 

           When happening through Liguria, two children of Posidón called Yalebión and Dercino, try to rob the cattle to him and die at hands of Hercules. It continues this one his trip by Toscana and the episode of Thief occurs, who is of the other version. Thief, monstrous being, son of Vulcano and that breathed smoke flames, rob to Hercules some to him of the cows and he takes them, throwing to them of the tails and making them thus walk backwards, to the cave where he used to live. Hercules discovers the theft and the place where he had hidden Cacolas robbed cows, and then he undertakes to this one, descuajando the rocky crags that formed the ceiling of the cave, and it gives to death, recovering soon the cows it.

         Its trip from return to Greece continues Hercules and arrives at Regal, in the southern end of Italy, where one of the bulls undertakes quick race, penetrates in the sea and arrives until Sicily, until the field of Érix, a son of Posidón that reigned on the Élimos, as bull between its own flocks mixes al.

      Hercules entrusts to Hefesto the guard of the cows, and he happens to Sicily in looks for del rescinded an order bull, he finds it between the flocks of Érix and it calls to each other to this one. Érix defies to him to fight with him, and, after being defeated Hercules three times, it finishes giving death to Érix. Hercules, later of to have recovered al rescinded an order bull, takes it, unites of new al rest del flock of Gerión and al goes with this flock sea Jónico, that crosses arriving at Greece.  In Grace the cows by cuasa of a tábano disperse that sends Hera against the flock; Hercules persecutes them by mountains of Thrace; some escape to him definitively and savages become; the rest recover them, take them to the Helesponto and, finally, passing again by Thrace, manage to make them arrive at Micenas and to give them to Euristeo, that sacrifices them in honor of Hera.

       As eleventh work sends to him that it brings gold apples of the Hespérides. Hercules undertakes the trip and arrives at the Equedoro river, where he fights with Cicno, son of You plow and Pirene; Plow taking starts off in the fight in favor of its son, but a ray of Zeus separates the contenders. It continues his trip and it arrives at the Erídano river and there Nymphs, daughters of Zeus and Temis, reveal to him where is sleepy Nereo. Hercules takes hold it and chains, without loosen it although Nereo takes all class from forms, until Nereo indicates the site to him where they are the gold Hespérides and its apples.

        He crosses then Africa, where he fights with Anteo. Hercules manages to overcome it and to give death him raising it in vilo and cutting therefore the energy provision to him that received from the Earth. Next Hercules happens to Egypt, where carries out new parergon, when to face other frightful enemy, also son of Posidón, Busiris, which he was king of Egypt and he was used to sacrificing to the foreigners in the Zeus altar, by virtue of oráculo or prophecy that had formulated him a fortune teller of called Cyprus Frasio, according to which would stop the sterility that afflicted the fields of Egypt if every year were sacrificed to a foreigner. Busiris followed these instructions, beginning to kill the own Frasio, and continuing with a few foreigners who arrived at the country. Hercules gives death to Busiris.

Perfil del templo de Hércules en Agrigento, Sicilia, Italia

        

Its trip continues Hercules, by Asia, now arriving at Termidras, port of the Lindios, and later to Arabia, where it gives death to Ematión, son of Titono and the Aurora. Vueve to Africa, again receives vasija of the sun and leaves to the Ocean. It happens later to the immediate continent, arriving at the Caucasus, where it makes the liberation of Prometheus.   This one, been thankful to Hercules, does him revelation, consisting of instructions, which they will be to him of extreme utility to give top to this eleventh work that until that moment Hercules had not finded nor to begin at least, in spite of so interminable trips: it says to him which is the way that will have to follow to arrive finally at its objective, precaviendo to him in addition that does not have to go he himself until the garden of the Hespérides, but only to Atlas presence, to that will have to convince that, letting meanwhile rest the vault of the sky in shoulders of Hercules, he is going to look for apples. And still it gives to an advice more Prometheus him on the way to deceive Atlas so that the celestial vault returns to load itself on shoulders, anticipating without a doubt Prometheus who Atlas, when seeing itself frees of the load, it was not going to want to return to maintain it and would try to leave to Hercules with her raises.

         Hercules fulfills the instructions of Prometheus precise and arrives at Atlas presence; and maintaining, then, the sky on shoulders he is as were this one when Hercules appears to him and he convinces that he is going to look for apples, replacing to him Hercules to him as you maintain of the celestial vault. Atlas takes in the garden of the Hespérides gold apples and returns with them to presence of Hercules; but, feeling without a doubt very contented when alleviated seeing itself of the weight of the celestial vault, one refuses to load it again to it, saying to him to Hercules who he himself will take apples to Euristeo. And now it is when Hercules makes use of the deceit that had suggested it and recommended Prometheus: it says to him to Atlas that maintains the sky a little while to him while he, Hercules, a pad in the head is put. Atlas falls in the trap: it leaves in the ground apples and load to shoulders the sky, moment in which Hercules takes apples and moves away to good step taking leave of Atlas.

           It has, nevertheless, another variant that that says he is the own Hercules who is going to the garden of the Hespérides to take apples personally killing to the dragoon in charge of his protection.  But in the two versions, Hercules takes apples to Euristeo, that #***as-refl mng the own Hercules; this one occurs them as well to Athenian, who finally gives back them place to her of origin, not to be allowed that was in no other site. And finally the twelfth and last work that orders Euristeo consists of bringing of Hell to Cerbero, the dog of three heads and one tail of dragoon and manifold heads of serpent in the back. Hercules begins to direct itself to Eleusis, where he is purified of the slaughter of the Centaurs by Eumolpo, and admitted later to the mysteries. March soon to the southern end of the Peloponeso and by an opening of the Tenaro descends to Hell.

          When seeing him the souls flee from deads with the exception of those of Meleagro and Medusa. To this one it undertakes Hercules to him with the sword, as if she was alive, until Hermes lets him know that it is a mere image or shade. On the other hand Meleagro celebrates with him a conversation in which it exhorts to him to marry, to its return to the world of the alive ones, with its sister Deyanira, thing that in effect Hercules will do and bring like consequence, although nonimmediate, its own death. Hercules finds, near the doors of Hell, to Teseo and Pirítoo, chained there by to have descended in order to raptar to Perséfone for Pirítoo; Hercules releases to Teseo, but when trying to do the same with Pirítoo takes place a earth tremor and Hercules resigns to his intention, reason why Pirítoo remains for always in the Hades, whereas Teseo returns to the world from above with Hercules. Wanting this to provide blood to the souls of hell, it kills one of the cows of Hades; the shepherd who kept them, Menetes call, defies to fight to Hercules, who breaks the ribs to him, but he pardons the life to him at the request of Perséfone.

            Finally Hercules directly requests to Pluto the dog that has come to look for; Pluto authorizes to take to it it to him if he is able to seize of him without making use of his arms; thus Hercules ,protected solely by his armor and the skin of the lion does, and taking hold to Brain he does not loosen it, in spite of being bitten by the serpent that this one had in the tail, until Brain is tamed or arranged to follow to him. Behind which it undertakes, with him and Teseo, the ascent, leaving to earth flower by Trecén, taking to Cerbero to presence of Euristeo, and returning immediately to take it to hell, where it leaves it definitively.

 

Later feats of Hercules to the works.

         Finished the works, Hercules returns to Tebas, where house to Mergara with its Iolao nephew. Looking for he to marry again, he has the news that Éurito, king of Ecalia in Eubea, has promised to give in marriage its Íole daughter to whom overcomes him to him and to its children in the shot of the arc.  Hercules goes and gains the victory, but Éurito refuses to fulfill the fiance', although Ífito, its older son, is put from Hercules, but Éurito alleges the fear to that Hercules, becoming crazy again, also kills the children who can have of their Íole daughter. Rehusa, then; more ahead Hercules will come to conquer to Íole to blood and fire, in a campaign that will precede immediately to its own death. At the moment, Hercules retires to the continent.

           Shortly after, Autólico robs clandestinely the cows of Éurito; Éurito suspicion of Hercules and accuses to him, but his Ífito son, not believing it, goes to meet itself with Hercules, whom asks that he helps to look for the cows him. Hercules promises it and he provides with accomodations it in his house, but, driven crazy again, he kills ïfito throwing it of the stop of the walls of Tirinto. Hercules, whom he loves to be purified of this new crime, goes to Pilos with the pretension that he purifies Neleo to him; but this one refuses, by friendship with Éurito.

           Hercules goes then to house of Deífobo, son of Hipólito, in Amiclas, that purifies to him; but even so seriously ill Hercules like punishment by the murder of Ífito falls, and goes again to Delfos to request treatment. The Pitia did not want to emit oráculo some in its favor, reason why Hercules tries to sack the temple and, taking the tripod, to obtain to he himself oráculo. Fight even with Apolo, but also now, a ray of Zeus separates them, obtaining finally Hercules oráculo that wished.  Oráculo that has Hercules now, predicts to him that it will be cured of its disease if it is sold like slave, to remain in that situation during three years.    Received oráculo, it is Hermes that is in charge to for sale put Hercules, being bought by Ónfala, queen of Lydia, daughter of Iárdano, and to who had left to the throne of Lydia his Tmolo husband when dying. Éurito does not accept the money paid by Ónfala and that had taken to him. On the other hand Hercules remains the three years as enslaved of the queen; during that period he captures and he chains to the Cercopes de Éfeso, kills Sileo and to the daughter of this one, Jenódoce, he buries to Ícaro, son of Labyrinth, and throws stones against a efigie that representing to him him, Hercules, had carved Labyrinth in gratefulness to have buried its son.

           The Cercopes, usually two in number, were cheating and perjuros men, two called brothers Pásalo and Aclemon, and children of Memnónide. The mother of the Cercopes had given them to understand that something would happen to them when they were with a man of black innkeepers. Then, she happened that the Cercopes was a day with Hercules, who was slept under a tree, and tried to seize of their arms or to rob the saddlebag to him. Wide-awake Hercules on time, rushes itself on them, ties head down, each one to an end of a wood that load on the shoulder, and throws to thus walk taking them.   In effect, in agreement they go the Cercopes down head, and being Hercules with the naked innkeepers, they see that it has blacks because of the thick pelandrera that covers them, and remembering the admonition of its mother, they are put to speak of it and a fort enters to them laughter attack, laughter that infects Hercules, who, extremely amused yet that, loosen them and leaves free.

            Of Ícaro he is famous its flight and mortal fall to the sea. He was son of Labyrinth, the renowned architect, escultor and athenian, construction engineer of the labyrinth of Crete by order of king Minos and to lock up in him to the Minotauro. But after constructed the Labyrinth, Minos retained to Labyrinth in the island, not allowing him to embark. It decides then Labyrinth to flee by airs, and makes, for himself and their Ícaro son, wings whose pens are subject with wax; are put you and undertaken the flight; but Ícaro, neglecting the prudent warnings of its father, during its flight approaches too much the Sun, whose excessive heat melts the wax, with which the pens are given off and Ícaro falls to the sea, next to an island that until then was called Dólique. Hercules gathers the corpse and he buries it in the island, to which he puts the name of the boy and who since then was called Ícaro or Icaria.

           In gratefulness to Hercules to have buried its son, Labyrinth made in Steps on an image of Hercules, image that this one, taking it by an alive being when not recognizing it by being at night, stoned. During the slavery of Hercules with queen Ónfala idilio takes place between both loving, accompanied by one of the most famous "travestismos" of all mythology: Hercules gets dressed the clothes Ónfala and he is dedicated to spin with rueca and use, while she covers herself with the skin of the lion and grasps nails and the arrows of Hercules.

              Finished the period of the three years of slavery and recovered his health and its freedom, Hercules decides to undertake the expedition of punishment against Troy which formerly he had threatened Laomedonte, and that is going to constitute another one of the great collective companies of century XIII, because in her they accompany to him, in eighteen ships of fifty oars each one, great number of soldiers selected, voluntary all, and among them Ecles, the father of Anfiarao, and both Éacidas Telamón and Peleo.  They arrive at Troy, and leaving to Ecles the safekeeping of the ships it with the others directs itself to the city. Laomedonte on the other hand attacks the ships and gives death to Ecles, but, attacked as well by Hercules, it takes refuge in the city, to which Hercules puts site formal. The assault takes place by work of Telamón, that opening breach in the wall hurries to the interior of the urban nucleus, causing the rage of Hercules, whom, not wanting that nobody entered the city before he, it arranged myself to give death to Telamón, and it had made it to not have seen that this one was accumulating stones; when asking to him Hercules Telamón what was doing, responds this one that to construct an altar to venerate to Hercules the Magnificent Winner, which pleases to Hercules excessively, who then, not to only pardons the life him, but who in addition, finished the conquest of the city, and having given to death to Laomedonte and all its children men except one Podarces call, the daughter of Laomedonte grants in marriage to Telamón, Hesíone, to that formerly saved he, Hercules, of the marine monster. As wedding present grants Hercules to Hesíone the authorization to remain with the prisoner who she chose; she to her Podarces brother chooses, to whom she rescues symbolically giving by him his veil; and since then Príamo was called.

       

Otro perfil del templo de Hércules en Agrigento, Sicilia, Italia

 

  

               To the return of Troy, Hera produces forts storms in the sea that Hercules is furrowing, and by that action Zeus he punishes it hanging it of the Mount Olympus. It arrives Hercules at the island of Cos, whose women, at that time, took horns in the forehead; it disembarks and it must face a ferocious attack of the chaos, being on the verge of being killed at hands of one of them call Calcón or Calcodonte, that seriously hurts Hercules; this one is saved by its father Zeus, and gives death to the king of Cos, Eurípilo, son of Posidón and Astipalea, besides to sack the island. Not much later the expedition of punishment against Augías, that also has collective character, although less famous or glorious undertakes Hercules than the troyana, but in which it takes to an army of arcadios and volunteers of between the chosen heroes of Greece. Augías on the other hand names generals of the eleo army to the Moliónidas, who were two Siamese brothers, Éurito and Ctéato, children of a Molíone wife of Actor, and Posidón. To these Moliónidas one describes them, either like purely Siamese or with both bodies united by some site, or like two separated bodies, but each one with two heads, four hands and four feet, or, apparently, although here or the description is vague, like a single body with two heads and been born of a silver egg; in any case, like frightful beings, of colossal, and nephews, at least putative forces, of Augías.

            Hercules in this expedition falls ill and must leave his attempt, concluding a truce with the Moliónidas, truce that these do not respect, because when finding out the disease of Hercules they assault the hercúleo army causing great loss of life.  Six years later, being the eleos sent to participate in the sacrifices of the Istmiada to the Moliónidas, Hercules tends an ambush to them in Cleonas and manages to give death them, behind which he goes against Elis attended by an army of argivos, tebanos and arcadios, take the city to the assault, kill to Augías and the children who with him were, and calling to Fileo, that, as we saw, had settled down in Duliquieo, he gives the throne to him of Elis.

 

Hercules founds then the Olympic Games.

          Next a new expedition of punishment, this time against Neleo undertakes Hercules, that had refused to purify the death to him of Ífito. It takes the city of pilos, it gives death to Neleo and all to its children (with the exception of Néstor, who were absent), and during the battle he seriously hurts three Gods that in her take part in favor of the pilios: Hades, Hera and Ares.

              Another expedition more of punishment continues Hercules its revenges undertaking, now against Esparta, in which Hipocoonte reigned, whose children had helped Neleo and, mainly, had given death to a cousin of Hercules, the son of Licimnio (brother of Alcmena); having itself sent against him a dog mastín of the palace of Hipocoonte, and having itself defended the son of Licimio throwing to him a stone, the Hipocoóntidas killed the son of Licimio.

                 In order to take revenge, then, its death, reunites to Hercules an army, and happening through tegea, in Arcadia, it asks king Cefeo who attends to him together in the campaign with his twenty children. Cefeo did not want to accede, fearing that when absenting itself they attacked the city of the argivos, but Hercules convinces to him providing to estérope, daughter of Cefeo, a curl of the Gorgona, that had received Athenian Hercules as well de in one hidria of bronze, and communicating to him that if appeared the enemy army it would be enough to him with raising by three times, over the walls, the curl, not watching she, and the enemy army would retire. Behind which they start off for esparta, they fight, and in the fight they die Cefeo and its children, and also Íficles the stepbrother of Hercules. This one gives death to Hipocoonte and to its children, it takes the city, and calling to Tindáreo, it places it in the throne of Esparta.

                    To its return of Esparta, when happening through Tegea, Hercules it leaves pregnant woman to Height, sister of Cefeo. To his due time a boy gives to light Height who will be called Télefo and gotten to be king of the Teutrania in Misia. Height deposits to the boy in the temple of Athenian. An epidemic in the country takes place, to raiz of which Áleo discovers the childbirth of its daughter, it orders that the boy is left in the Partenio mount, and gives Height to Napulio, son of Posidón, with the order to sell it abroad; but Napulio puts it into the hands of Teutrante, king of Teutrania in Misia, which makes its wife. As far as the boy, cierva is nursed by one and found thus by shepherds, who gather it and they raise it putting the name to him of Télefo. With time, having consulted Télefo to oráculo of Delfos on whom they were its parents, it receives instructions of the same one, and fulfilling them it is directed to the Teutrania, and arrived it is recognized there by its adopted mother and like heir by king Teutrante.

               Teutrante marries to Télefo with a daughter hers.

                  According to another version, king Áleo had been noticed by oráculo that if her daughter Height had a son, this one would give to death to its maternal uncles the brothers of Height. In order to avoid it, Áleo makes to its daughter priestess of Athenian and him prohibe have children under penalty of death. Hercules arrives, he visits the temple of Athenian, and, ebrio, violates to Height leaving it pregnant. Found out Áleo, it gives its daughter to Nauplio with instructions of which she throws it to the sea. Nauplio becomes position of Height; during the trip in the direction of the sea, this one gives to light the boy; but Nauplio, far from carry out an order of Áleo, takes to the mother and to the boy to the Misia and it is sold king Teutrante, who house with Height and is adopted like son to Télefo.

 

 

Deyanira and the death and apotheosis of Hercules.

               Of Tegea Hercules one goes to Calidón, where once arrived it solicits, fulfilling the decided thing with Meleagro in the Hades, to marry with Deyanira, daughter, like Meleagro, of Eneo king of Etolia. But is Hercules whereupon there is another pretendiente, nothing less than the Aqueloo river (most mighty not only of the country, but also of all Greece), with which he must fight Hercules to divided arm, winning to him to the aim although the river takes all class from forms, and breaking one to him of the horns (then to the rivers he frequently imagines them with human figure in all the others, but provided with two horns of bull in the forehead; and it independently of which one of the forms that it adopted the Aqueloo during the fight was the one of bull). Winner Hercules, house with Deyanira. As far as the Aqueloo, he is able to recover the horn changing it to it to Hercules by the horn of the Abundance.

               Married Hercules with Deyanira, he remains in Calidón, the palace of Eneo. During this time he undertakes an expedition, in company of the calidonios, against the tesprotos, and taking the city of Feira, in which he reigned Rows, he is united to the daughter of this one, Astíoque call, and has of her a son, Tlepólemo. Being between the Tesprotos, he sends instructions to Tespio of which, remaining with seven of his grandsons, he sends other three to Tebas, and the forty rest to Sardinia, under the command of Iolao and so that there they settle down and they found a colony.

               After these events Hercules he returns to Calidón, where he has the misfortune to kill, of manotazo with which he only tried to reprimand to him, the escanciero of Eneo, a called boy Éunomo, to dislike the drink to him that was serving to him. Arquíteles, father of Éunomo, pardoned Hercules taking into account the involuntary thing of the crime; but Hercules, grieved by the happened thing, commits itself to undergo the exile pain, and leaves, with his Deyanira wife, in the direction of Traquis, in the Tesalia of Sur or Málide. In the way they arrive at the borders of the Eveno river, that was necessary to cross. The grown river came and was difficult to cross it for the young wife of Hercules; but was there the Neso centaur, dedicated to transport to its backs to the travellers to the other border, by means of wage. Hercules trusts his Deyanira wife to him, and he happens to I swim. In which it happens later are remarkable divergences about the site in which it happens and of if Hercules happened sooner or later that the centaur. In any case Neso tries to violate to Deyanira, either in half of the current month of the river, or when arriving at the border and being Hercules far, or because this one had still not happened, or because the current had dragged to him to certain distance of the site by where had left the river Deyanira and Neso.

             Deyanira shouts, and Hercules shoots an arrow that, infallible like all those of Hercules, reaches to the centaur in the heart. Neso dying takes on astute Hercules revenge: he deceives Deyanira saying to him that if gathers they semen that of fallen him to to the Earth and it mixes it with the blood that appears of the wound caused by the arrow of Hercules, will have Deyanira a magical filter that will allow him to recover the love of Hercules if sometimes it needs it. Deyanira creates it and thus it does, without realizing of which the blood that flows of the wound of the centaur is infected by the mortal poison of the Hidra which they take all the arrows of Hercules, and that therefore their effects, once applied this one as filter, will be mortal for Hercules, and that that one is indeed the intention of the centaur, that will be fulfilled almost exactly. The centaur dies, then, and Hercules and Deyanira carefully continue their trip, taking hidden Deyanira what she creates to be a filter, and of which nothing has said to Hercules.

                 After these events finally Hercules and Deyanira arrive at Traquis, where hospitable they are welcomed by reu Céix, son of Lucífero. With base in Traquis he undertakes Hercules several expeditions: against the Dríopes; in favor of Egimio, king of the Dorios, in its fight against the Lápitas commanded by I crown, to that Hercules kills, as well as to Laógoras, king of the Dríopes and ally of the Lápitas; it also gives death to Cicno, son of You plow, whom it had defied to him to single combat; and also to Amíntor, king of Ormenio, that tried to prevent the step him.

                  And finally he undertakes Hercules, with base also in Traquis, its expedition against Ecalia, that will be its last feat of arms and cause almost immediate of its death when triggering the facts anticipated like revenge by the Neso centaur. In effect, this last expedition is of punishment, to knows, against Éurito to have formerly refused to grant to Hercules the hand of its Íole daughter lacking to the terms of the agreement; but Hercules persecutes the intention simultaneously to seize of Íole to make it his concubine, which, once made and arrived at the news of Deyanira, impels to this to make use of the assumption filter, causing, although involuntarily, the death of Hercules.

                  In the expedition he accompanies a this army by arcadios, of malios of Traquis and epicnemidios locros. Hercules achieves a complete success, gives death to Éurito and to his children men, he takes to the assault the city of Ecalia and, after burying fallen his, he sacks the city and he takes prisoners to the young people, taking to Íole like concubine specially. One sets out next to celebrate a sacrifice of thanksgiving to his father Zeus in the promontory Ceneo, located in the extreme Northwest of the island of Eubea, not far from Ecalia. For it he sends to Licas, his heraldo, to Traquis, with the order to request to Deyanira suitable clothes to celebrate the sacrifice. Deyanira, that has found out the referring thing to Íole, prepares a túnica that impregnated carefully of the blood of the centaur, that it has conserved carefully and continues thinking that it is a filter. Licas takes the túnica to him to Hercules and this one puts it; and when warming up itself, to the contact with its body, the poison of the Hidra, corrodes the skin to him, the túnica adheres to him so closely to the body that when trying to take it to it takes its own meats, and it produces terrible pains that make him prorrumpir in ayes and uninterrupted moans to him. Hercules gives death to Licas throwing it to the sea, and orders that to him they take it to Traquis, apparently to punish also his wife; but this one, when having the news of the happened thing, commits suicide. Hercules, then, already in Traquis, orders once that they take it to the West to the Eta mount, located to about twenty kilometers of the city, and, there, that accumulate firewood until forming an enormous pyre, that places it above and that pledges fire to the pyre to burn it alive. Nobody wanted to do this last one, once Hercules already was placed upon the pyre, until he guesses right to that way pass Peante, king of Melibea in Tesalia, father of Filoctetes, and pledges fire to the pyre receiving with Hercules in payment of this service, its arc and its arrows, that thus will happen soon through inheritance to Filoctetes and will be used in the last actions of the war of Troy.

             The fire devours the mortal part of Hercules; the inmortal part, is transladada to the sky and divinizada, and there it takes place finally next to that apotheosis, the renowned reconciliation of Hera with his hijastro sealed by means of the marriage of this one with Hebe, daughter of that. Of the marriage of Hercules with Hebe two children are born, Alexíares and Aniceto. Before dying Hercules to his son has also ordered Thread, the greater one of those than he has had of Deyanira, that once arrived at adult age marries with Íole.

 

 

The Heraclidas.

                 All the children of Hercules are Heraclidas, naturally; but in mythology usually one restricts this patronímico to the children who Hercules had of Deyanira and all his descendants, excluding however the fifty that he had of tespiades, to the three children of Mégara to which he gave death, to Tlepólemo son of Astíoque, Télefo son of Height, Ctesipo son of Astidamía, Palemon son of Autóne, Téstalo son of Epicasta, Everes son of Parténope, Tésalo son of Calcíope, and finally to Agelao, fruit of his loves with Ónfala.

                    When dying Hercules the Heraclidas, that is to say, then, the children of Deyanira, called Thread, Ctesipo, Gleno and Onites, takes refuge, from fear of euristeo, in Traquis, house of king Ceíce, the same one who had lodged to his parents in the last stage of the life of these. Euristeo demands the delivery of the Heraclidas, threatening the war, reason why they decide to leave Traquis, and, persecuted by diverse regions of Greece by Euristeo, they take refuge finally in Athens, where the athenians are welcomed spor, who not only let themselves intimidate by the threats and hostile attitude of Euristeos, but that in addition do to him in front, taking place among them and Euristeo a war that is decided by the voluntary sacrifice of Macaria, daughter of Hercules, who offering now voluntarily to Perséfone so that oráculo is fulfilled that promised the victory to the athenians if a piston rod of Hercules he rendered to being sacrificed.

               They gain because the athenians, they give death to the children of Euristeo and persecute to this one, that she flees in a car and she is reached and died by Thread next to the Escironias rocks; Thread cuts the head to him and is sent it to its Alcmena grandmother, who with shuttles takes the eyes to him. Muert Euristeo, the heraclidas ones invade the Peloponeso and they seize of the cities. A year later an epidemic takes place, and oráculo declares that it must the presence of the Heraclidas in the Peloponeso, by to have come to him before time. They retire then and they settle down in Maratón. Thread carry out an order that his father gave him before dying and house with Íole. March later to Delfos to inquire how all of them will be able to obtain the return to the Peloponeso. The answer that it obtains is that they will obtain it if they hope at that the third harvest arrives. Understanding Thread that the third harvest meant the third year, when being fulfilled east term penetrates in the Peloponeso, but it dies there at hands of équemo, tegea king, and the return of the Heraclidas is failed again. A new attempt takes place in the generation of Aristómaco, son of Cleodeo and Thread grandson, but it also fails. Only two of the children of this Aristómaco, calls Témeno and Cresfontes together with their nephews Eurístenes and Procles, children of a third son of Aristómaco, Aristodemo call, will finally be able to settle down like dominating in the Peloponeso, and then it will only know that with "the third harvest" oráculo meant the third generation. In effect, having gone Témeno, Aristodemo and Cresfontes, tataranietos of Hercules, on the other hand, to oráculo, this one explained to them then that their ancestors had not interpreted well those answer: that "it harvests" meant generation, and "Straits" (then also had ordered them oráculo that passed to the Peloponeso by the Straits) meant, not the Isthmus, by where those had tried to happen, but the entrance of the gulf of Corinto. They prepare then an army and they construct a square in the place of the Lócride that for that reason was called since then Naupacto. Being there the Heraclidas, thundered against Aristodemo dies, leaving two children.

                   A unknown fortune teller appears then, to whom, from fear of that he harmed to them with his magical arts, gives death one of the called Heraclidas Hípotes. He happens then the destruction of the square and the hunger and dispersion of the army. Témeno consults again to oráculo, that shows to him that it will have to punish with exile during ten years to the killing one of the fortune teller, and to take as it guides of the expedition the Peloponeso a being with three eyes. They exile, in effect, to Hípotes, and they are put to look for the being of three eyes, finding it in Óxilo, son of Andremon, to that they find mounting a horse tuerto; etolio was east Óxilo, that being turned a year of exile, by a murder, in Élide, returned to etolia. They do it, then, head of the army, and lead by him they invade the Peloponeso, obtaining finally the most complete success, after giving death to Tisámeno, son of Orestes, that reigned in good part of the Peloponeso, of that seize.

               Once conquered peloponeso, the Heraclidas Argus, Lacedemón and Mesenia decide to distribute themselves, for which they make a renowned drawing, the proverbial drawing of Cresfontes.

 

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Characteristics

            Hercules, precious constellation of the North hemisphere that crosses in the intermediate zone the parallel +30º. Is visible during the months of spring and summer in the North hemisphere and during the winter in the austral one. It is the fifth greater constellation of the celestial vault. It emphasizes by his form the quadrilateral formed by stars  of the third magnitude.  Hercules is to the north of the Milky Route and we can observe stars not so shining but mainly three impressive visible globular clusters with small telescopes, also emphasize some star double of very showy colors.

            Hercules limits the north with the circumpolar constellation of Draco, to the east with the constellations of Bootes, Corona Borealis and Serpens Caput, to the south with Ophiuchus and Serpens Cauda and to the west with Aquila, Sagitta, Vulpecula and Lyra. Hercules I located the April 18th, 1982 from the Majorcan locality of Inca, Spain when it was 14 years old.

  

Constelación de Hercules

 

Main stars

       Alpha, a; denominated Rasalgethi, of magnitude 3.37, orange red supergiant 800 times greater than the Sun It is double a variable star that oscillates between 3.1 and 3.9 and in addition with a companion to magnitude 5.4 of blue color. The binary system is to 380 years Earth light.

      Beta, b; denominated Korneforos, of magnitude 2.80, orange yellow color. Light is to 147 years.    

       Gamma, g; it stars double of magnitudes 3.80 and 8.0 of white and blue color respectively. Earth light is to 195 years.

       Delta, d; it stars double denominated Sarin of components 3.2 and 8.8 of blue and yellow color. Light is to 78 years.

Other objects

       M13; spectacular globular cluster located in the center of the constellation of Hercules and in a lateral one of the quadrilateral, of magnitude 5.7 is visible at first, has a diameter of 23' of arc, under the prisms binocular we can see a milky spot composed by million stars. Earth light is to 22,400 years.

         M92; second spectacular globular cluster in Hercules. One is in the north of the constellation, of magnitude 6.1 and 10' of diameter arc. Light is to 24300 years.

          NGC 6229; third spectacular globular cluster located to the north of the constellation next to Draco. Of magnitude 9.4 it was not catalogued by Messier. It has an angular diameter of 5' of arc and one is less to anything than 100,000 years light of the Solar System

          

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Observations by telescope

D O U B L E

Nom: a R.A.: 17h.12m.

Dec: 14º27'

Mag: 3.0, 4.0 (v) Sep.: 4.5" P.A.: 104º Nat:ph Spec.:M,G
AOC: 102 DSC: 74 D.D.S.: 00-April-1984

alfa

            NOTE: It is one precious double; a true wonder, costs something to unfold it with 50x, although without a doubt some the best spectacle obtains with the one of 200x, the main one has a strong shining red color, however, the secondary one I see it nothing else that green dark, very greenish, shining and little near the main one. The pair is precious by its colorful unequal one.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 2021 R.A.: 16h.11m.

Dec: 13º40'

Mag: 6.5,7.5 Sep.: 4.3" P.A.: 165º Nat:O Spec.:A,A
AOC: 103 DSC: 75 D.D.S.: 00-April-1984

sigma2021

        NOTE: One is in a rich zone; they are together, he is complicated to unfold it with 50x, is most shining of the zone, is one pretty double; both components are white.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: c R.A.: 16h.06m.

Dec: 17º11'

Mag: 5.3,6.3 Sep.: 29" P.A.: 12º Nat:f Spec.:A,A
AOC: 104 DSC: 76 D.D.S.: 00-April-1984

xi

        NOTE: One is in a rich zone; it is one double of a perfect separated white color and something, is a precious pair, the secondary one is darker than the main one.

 

PLANETARY NEBULAE

NGC:6210

M:--

R.A.: 16h.42m.

Dec: 23º53'

Mag:9.7

Dim:20"x13" AOC: 105 CNAO: 29
D.D.S.: 00-April-1984  

ngc6210

        NOTE: One is very diffuse a planetary nebula, it is difficult his identification, one is in a rich zone in weak stars; its disc is compact and uniform, the star cause has a magnitude of 12.3 and O3 phantom; parsecs is located to 1,100.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 2079 R.A.: 16h.37m.

Dec: 23º06'

Mag: 7.0,8.1 Sep.: 17" P.A.: 92º Nat:? Spec.:G,B
AOC: 106 DSC: 77 D.D.S.: 00-April-1984

sigma2079

           NOTE: It is one pretty double, is in a partially rich zone; it is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x, being most shining of the field; an appreciable difference of magnitude exists.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 2087 R.A.: 16h.40m.

Dec: 23º45'

Mag: 9.0,9.0 Sep.: 5.8" P.A.: 110º Nat:f Spec.:K,K
AOC: 107 DSC: 78 D.D.S.: 00-April-1984

sigma2087

 

            NOTE: One is next to the previous double; meetings are enough unfolding itself with the eyeglass of 50x, both are orange, it is one weak double of brightness, and identical magnitude in both components.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: S 2085 R.A.: 16h.40m.

Dec: 21º41'

Mag: 7.3,8.8 Sep.: 6.0" P.A.: 308º Nat:f? Spec.:?,?
AOC: 108 DSC: 79 D.D.S.: 00-April-1984

sigma2085

        NOTE: It is one double simple to find, it is surrounded by shining stars, there is a remarkable difference of magnitude, are slightly separated, is unfolded without difficulty with 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: z R.A.: 16h.38m.

Dec: 31º47'

Mag: 3.1,5.6 Sep.: 1.5" P.A.: 90º Nat:O Spec.:G,M
AOC: 113 DSC: 84 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

zeta

           NOTE: One is one very tight double, quite difficult to unfold with the eyeglass of 200x; their colors are distinguished perfectly, and it is identified by the brightness of the main one without difficulty.

 

GLOBULAR CLUSTER

NGC:6205

M:13

R.A.: 16h.40m.

Dec: 36º33'

Mag:5.7

Dim:10' AOC:114 CNAO: 30
D.D.S.:00-May.-1984  

m13

        NOTE: One is the spectacular M13 de Hercules, is located to 2/3 parts between z and h herculinis, is observed the diminution of the gradient as we moved away of the nucleus and we entered ourselves in periféria, I observe, in addition, three layers different from brightness, are a celestial jewel; is located to 7200 parsecs, has an index of metalidad (Fe/H)=-1.65, the phantom of the youngest star is F5, is of class 5 (1-12) of concentration index.

 

GLOBULAR CLUSTER

NGC:6229

M:--

R.A.: 16h.46m.

Dec: 47º37'

Mag:8.7

Dim:1.2'x1.2' AOC: 115 CNAO: 31
D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984  

ngc6229

       

        NOTE: One is the third accumulation globular of hercules and not discovered by Messier; he is much more weak, being observed as a milky spot; one is located in the vertex of two separated stars of the seventh magnitude 10'. Is located to 31,200 parsecs, with a phantom of F7 corresponding to the youngest star; it has an index of metalidad of -1,54, is of suitable class 4 on concentration scale 1-12.

 

GLOBULAR CLUSTER

NGC:6341

M:92

R.A.: 17h.16m.

Dec: 43º12'

Mag: 6.1

Dim:3' AOC: 116 CNAO: 32
D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984  

m92

            NOTE: One is the second globular accumulation in importance after the king, M13; he is pretty and spectacular, it is observed two zones of brightness corresponding to the nucleus and to the periphery, one is located to 7,200 PC, the phantom of less old is F2; the metalidad index is -2,24, and is of class 4.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:H 38 R.A.: 16h.21m.

Dec: 32º27'

Mag: 6.3,8.8 Sep.: 33" P.A.: 18º Nat:? Spec.:F,A
AOC: 117 DSC: 85 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

H 38

        NOTE: One is in a rich zone; one is one ugly double, slightly separated with an important difference of magnitude, that it makes him lose all the vistosidad, unfolds without pain nor glory with 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 2044 R.A.: 16h.22m.

Dec: 37º09'

Mag: 8.7,8.9 Sep.: 8.9" P.A.: 334º Nat:f Spec.:G,G
AOC: 118 DSC: 86 D.D.S.:00-May.-1984

sigma2044

        NOTE: One is in a rich zone; it is one pretty double and not very narrow, it is unfolded without difficulty with 50x, both components I observe them of yellow color tending white.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 2063 R.A.: 16h.30m.

Dec: 45º42'

Mag: 5.6,8.8 Sep.: 16" P.A.: 194º Nat:f Spec.:A,M
AOC: 119 DSC: 87 D.D.S.:00-May.-1984

sigma2063

 

        NOTE: One is in a quite poor zone; one is one unequal double and slightly separated, it is unfolded with 50x, the main one is white, however, the secondary one is red.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: S 2135 R.A.: 17h.10m.

Dec: 21º18'

Mag: 7.3,8.8 Sep.: 8" P.A.: 190º Nat:? Spec.:K,B
AOC: 120 DSC: 88 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

sigma2135

        NOTE: One is in a quite rich zone; one is one slightly tight double, and with an appreciable difference of magnitude, it is unfolded without difficulty with 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: d R.A.: 17h.13m.

Dec: 24º54'

Mag: 3.1,8.3 Sep.: 9.5" P.A.: 251º Nat:op Spec.:A,F
AOC: 121 DSC: 89 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

delta

           

            NOTE: One is in a rich zone; it is one unequal double and slightly tightened, it is unfolded with 50x, the main one is white, however, in the secondary one I can appreciate a concise yellowish tonality.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: r R.A.: 17h.22m.

Dec: 37º11'

Mag: 4.5,5.5 Sep.: 4.2" P.A.: 317º Nat:ph Spec.: ?,?
AOC: 122 DSC: 90 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

rho

            NOTE: One is in a zone, very, very very rich; it is one double very tightened I need 200x to unfold it, profit not to identify the colors of both, although they are shining.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: µ R.A.: 17h.45m.

Dec: 22º49'

Mag: 3.8,9.6 Sep.: 35" P.A.: 248º Nat:op Spec.:?,?
AOC: 123 DSC: 91 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

mu

            NOTE: One is in a rich zone, is one separated double and with a frightful difference of magnitude, it is unfolded with 50x; profit not to identify the colors.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: S 2245 R.A.: 17h.54m.

Dec: 18º20'

Mag: 7.1,7.3 Sep.: 2.6" P.A.: 113º Nat:f Spec.:?,?
AOC: 124 DSC: 92 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

sigma2245

            NOTE: One is in a rich zone; it is one double very tightened, it is unfolded placing 200x, it exists a small difference of magnitude.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: 95 R.A.: 17h.59m.

Dec: 21º36'

Mag: 5.3,5.6 Sep.: 6.3" P.A.: 258º Nat:? Spec.:G,A
AOC: 125 DSC: 93 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

95

            NOTE: One is in a rich zone; there is a slight difference of magnitude between the components that are tight, is one showy and pretty double.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:100 R.A.: 18h.06m.

Dec: 26º06'

Mag: 5.9,6.1 Sep.: 14" P.A.: 181º Nat:f Spec.:A,A
AOC: 126 DSC: 94 D.D.S.: 00-May.-1984

100

            NOTE: One is in a rich zone; it is one double that emphasizes, is very pretty, since it has an appreciable difference of magnitude, and a perfect separation; both components are white.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 2159 R.A.: 17h.22m.

Dec: 13º22'

Mag: 8.6,9.0 Sep.: 26" P.A.: 325º Nat:? Spec.:M,B
AOC: 219 DSC: 154 D.D.S.: 20h.10m.(UT); 28-Sep.-1984

sigma2159

            NOTE: One is in a rich zone; it is one weak double, of similar main magnitude and the red one. One is one pretty double.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: m R.A.: 16h.38m.

Dec: 04º19'

Mag: 5.7,6.7 Sep.: 70" P.A.: 230º Nat:op Spec.:N,?
AOC: 293 DSC: 214 D.D.S.: 22h.20m.(UT); 9-JUn.-1985

m

           

            NOTE: She is one double quite separated one, of similar magnitude, is in a quite rich zone.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: S 2194 R.A.: 17h.39m.

Dec: 24º32'

Mag: 6.5,8.9 Sep.: 16" P.A.: Nat:f? Spec.:A,B
AOC: 663 DSC: 471 D.D.S.: 20h.34m.(UT); 7-Sep.-1986

sigma2194

            NOTE: One is in a partially rich field, 7; there is a great difference of magnitude between the components, are not very separated, the colors are different, the main one seems to me white, however, secondary the bluish one, in my personal opinion I give 6 him, its identification it is simple, it is unfolded without difficulty with 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: OS 329 R.A.: 17h.23m.

Dec: 36º59'

Mag: 6.7,9.0 Sep.: 33" P.A.: 13º Nat: op Spec.: A,B
AOC: 664 DSC: 472 D.D.S.: 22h.07m.(UT); 10-Sep.-1986

osigma329

            NOTE: One is in a partially rich field, 5; there is an enormous difference of brightness between the components, are slightly separated, in my personal opinion I give 4 him; its location is simple, is unfolded without difficulty with 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: OS 157 R.A.: 17h.38m.

Dec: 31º18'

Mag: 6.8,8.0 Sep.: 116" P.A.: 108º Nat:op Spec.:A,B
AOC: 665 DSC: 473 D.D.S.:22h.37m.(UT); 10-Sep.-1986

osigma157

           

           NOTE: One is in a relatively rich field, 7; there is a great difference of brightness between the components, are very separated, his colors are similarities, is one pretty double, 6; it is unfolded without difficulty with 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: S 2213 R.A.: 17h.43m.

Dec: 31º09'

Mag: 8.0,8.7 Sep.: 4.6" P.A.: 330º Nat: f Spec.:?,?
AOC: 666 DSC: 474 D.D.S.: 22h.46m.(UT); 10-Sep.-1986

sigma2213

            NOTE: One is in a relatively rich field; there is a small difference of magnitude, the separation between both is minimum, I do not distinguish the colors of both components, easy to locate is unfolded without difficulty with 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: OS 335 R.A.: 17h.44m.

Dec: 21º55'

Mag: 8.1,9.1 Sep.: 25" P.A.: 140º Nat:? Spec.:?,?
AOC: 667 DSC: 475 D.D.S.: 22h.53m.(UT); 10-Sep.-1984

osigma335

            NOTE: One is in a relatively rich field, is a slight difference of magnitude, are something separated, profit not to identify the colors of both components, one is one pretty double, is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: S 2217 R.A.: 17h.44m.

Dec: 14º48'

Mag: 8.8,9.0 Sep.: 6.8" P.A.: 283º Nat:f Spec.:?,?
AOC: 668 DSC: 476 D.D.S.: 23h.03m.(UT);10-Sep.-1986

sigma2217

           NOTE: One is in a partially rich zone; there is a slight difference of magnitude, I cannot distinguish the colors of both components, easy to locate is unfolded with the eyeglass of 100x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: S 2232 R.A.: 17h.48m.

Dec: 25º18'

Mag: 6.8,8.8 Sep.: 6.3" P.A.: 143º Nat:f Spec.:A,B
AOC: 669 DSC: 477 D.D.S.: 23h.10m.(UT); 10-Sep.- 1986

sigma2232

       

        NOTE: One is in a neither rich nor poor field; a remarkable difference of magnitude between the components exists, it is unfolded with 100x soon to observe the main secondary white and the bluish one.

 

D O U B L E

Nom:S 2259 R.A.: 17h.57m.

Dec: 30º03'

Mag: 7.2,8.4 Sep.: 20" P.A.: 227º Nat: f? Spec.: A,B
AOC: 670 DSC: 478 D.D.S.: 23h.17m.(UT);10-Sep.-1986

D O U B L E

Nom: No catalog. R.A.: 17h.57m.

Dec: 30º30'

Mag: 10.0,10.5 Sep.: 25" P.A.: 180º Nat:? Spec.:?,?
AOC: 671 DSC: 479 D.D.S.: 23h.22m.(UT); 10-Sep.-1986

sigma2259

           

            NOTE: S 2259: One is in a relatively rich field; there is a slight difference of brightness between the components, are little separated, the main one is white, and secondary the bluish one, is one double pretty, easy to locate is unfolded with 50x.

            CED479: One is one catalogued but not identified double in the Sky Catalogue 2000,0 of Sinnot; one is to 30' to the north of S 2259, is one double of very weak components, slightly separated and of inapreciables colors, it is unfolded, also, with 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: Es 473 R.A.: 18h.12m.

Dec: 42º50'

Mag: 9.3,9.3 Sep.: 31" P.A.: 100º Nat:f? Spec.: ?,?
AOC: 672 DSC: 480 D.D.S.: 23h.29m.(UT); 10-Sep.-1986

es473

           

            NOTE: One is in a rich field, 7, both components they have the same magnitude, they are little separated, easy to locate is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x; I have not managed to identify the colors.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: S 2319 R.A.: 18h.25m.

Dec: 19º15'

Mag: 8.2, 8.5 Sep.: 5.5" P.A.: 191º Nat:f Spec.:?,?
AOC: 673 DSC: 481 D.D.S.: 23h.34m.(UT); 10-Sep.-1986

sigma2319

            NOTE: One is in a rich zone; there is a slight difference of magnitude between his components, are united, is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x; like in previous case I have not managed to identify the colors.

 

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