P H O E N I X
Mythology and history
Phoenix or Fenix represents the legendary bird that lived in Arabia.
According to the tradition, it was consumed by action of the fire every 500
years, and one new and young one arose from its ashes. In Egyptian mythology,
the bird fenix represented the Sun, that dies at night and appears again in
the morning. The primitive Christian tradition simultaneously adopted to the
bird fenix like symbol of immortality and the resurrection. A relation with
the fire bird of American native mythology has been seen him.
Phoenix or the bird fenix, is a small square constellation of 450º located in the South hemisphere that crosses the austral parallel of 50º, implies therefore, that he is observable in the South hemisphere from the months of Julio to January culminating in the zenith; however, for the inhabitants of the North hemisphere he is visible solely during the months of October and November culminating to few degrees over the horizon. The constellation of Phoenix I located it from the locality of Son Serra de Marina (Majorca, Spain) the 21 of October of 1989 at the age of 23 years.
The constellation of Phoenix (Phe) is to less of 10º of the galactic South Pole of our galaxy, the Milky Way, therefore, we can observe very few poor stars and stellar fields without stellar clusters and with a certain amount of galaxies.
It limits the north with the constellations of Fornax (For) and Scultor (Scl) where is in South Pole of the Milky Way; to the east with the constellation of Grux (Gru); to the south with Tucana (Tuc) and to the west with the constellation of Eridianus (Eri).
Alpha, a; denominated Ankaa, with a magnitude of 2.40 it is of orange color or spectral type K, is to 77 years light and it reveals to us that the star is 50 times more luminous than the Sun is located in the north of the constellation near Scultor.
Beta, b; with a magnitude of 3.3, light is to 180 years, its color is orange of K0 type, is 25 times more luminous than our Sun. One is one double line of vision separated both components 1.3"of arc. It is located in the center of the constellation.
Gamma, g; it stars orange, of phantom K, whose magnitude is of 3.44 which light of us is to 234 years; it is an orange giant 185 times more luminous than our Sun.
Delta, d; it stars orange of phantom K of magnitude 3.94 that is to 147 years light and is 45 times more luminous than our Sun is located to the east of the constellation near Eridianus.
NGC 625: It is a located galaxy of irregular type near g Phoenicis of magnitude 11,2; of angular diameter of 3'x1 ' of arc.
Observations by telescope
To date observations by telescope have not been made since it is located in the South hemisphere, next to the horizon where I write these lines to you in the Mediterranean island of Majorca, Spain, although I do not discard to someday make a trip to the seas of the south, and to lose to me in an island of the Pacific to be able to contemplate and to locate the constellations that still I have left to discover.
Next in the following window you can select the constellation that you want to locate, to observe and to discover following with the thematic one of the Web of Masm.
Masm (Last update 2004-11-14)