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ori.gif (1448 bytes) Mythology and history

Mythology of Puppis

      They were called Argonauts in the poem of Apolonio de Rodas, to the companions who helped to Jasón in their expedition in search of the vellocino of gold, the name comes from the ship Argus. According to the tradition they accompanied all the heroes to him by the time. 

       Frixo and Hele are brothers and children of Atamante king of Tesalia and Néfele. After the death of his mother the father becomes to marry with Ino, that stops to calm a time of hambruna decides to sacrifice the brothers. Hermes to save the children sends a sheep to them winged, with the wool or vellocino of gold and equipped with the gift of the word. The children mounted on him leave to Asia, being saved of being sacrificed. During the Hele trip it falls to the sea and single Frixo arrives at the Cólquide, in where Eetes reigns that welcomes it and it grants in marriage to his Calciope daughter.

          As gratefulness sample. Frixo sacrifices the sheep and offers the vellocino to the king, who consecrates it to You plow and he hangs of an oak in a dedicated forest the God. Day and night it keeps an enormous dragoon, whereas in the fields around enormous wild bulls pastaban.

            Of other side in Yolco reigned Pelías after to overthrow to Esón, this afraid of which her evil stepbrother assassinated her Jasón son, who was the true heir of the throne, sent it to take refuge to the cave of the centaur Chiron. The wise person Chiron instructed it in the letters and in the arts and soon he sent it to Yolco to demand his right to the throne.

         Jasón in its trip to Yolco lost one of its sandals and when it appeared before Pelías this was stupefied, because an old augury of oráculo warned that somebody with a single sandal would lower of the mount would overthrow to him and would kill. Pelias astutely acceded to give back the throne to Jasón but to do it it demanded to him that it fulfilled an assumption requested of Frixo, to return to his origin the vellocino of gold. 

         Jasón accepted the order and ordered to Argus the manufacture of a ship of 50 oars, this boat thanks to  a wood piece coming from the sacred oak of oráculo of Dodona, gift of Athenian tapeworm the gift of the speech and the prophecy. For the Jasón crew it reunited to the bravest and valiant young people of those times. 

           The Argonauts left from the coast of Págasas, during their outward journey happened many adventures. To its passage by the island of Limnnos, inhabited by women, they were united to the women with the idea that children conceived men; they happened through Samotracia and they arrived at the Earth of the Doliones, where king Cícico and his subjects welcomed them, once they divided winds again pushed them the coasts in where by mistake they faced its old hosts being died king Cícico and his cut; In the coasts of Mísia, the nymphs seized of Spinnings, friend of Hercules, this and Polifemo was in their aid and the trip followed without them; When happening through the Earth of the blind fortune teller Fineo, they released it of frightful the Harpías, and he in gratefulness warned to them of the danger of the Cianeas rocks that destroyed any ship that dared to happen among them, recommended to them that before happening they sent dove and if the bird managed to also pass they would do it, but who otherwise did not try it. 

            After these and other adventures the expedition I arrive at the kingdom of Eetes. Jasón I make a visit to the monarch to ask for the delivery to him of the Vellocino of gold, the king accepted requesting in return who dominated the bulls with bronze hooves and that later plowed the field and seeded some dragon's teeths that would give to him.

            In this Medea daughter of Eetes, who I fall in love crazy with Jasón offered itself to help him as long as Jasón took it by wife. Prote'ge' of the fire gave a magical ointment to him so that he covered his body and shield and with this had left and the iron. She notiDSC in addition that the teeth to him to the dragoon as soon as seeded they would become armed soldiers ready to end him. She advised to him that she sent a stone without being seen and this way by malentendido without knowing nobody who had sent the stone to another one they would kill themselves among them.

            Jasón obtained concluded out of danger with these tasks, but Eetes did not fulfill its word, then Jasón, with the support of Medea, guardian slept to the dragoon, and after seizing of the vellocino of gold they were escaped. Hardly king Eetes discovered the flight and the theft of the vellocino of gold, sent itself in his search but Medea, to delay it, gave death to Apsirto, its brother, that traveled with her, and began to throw to the sea, one by one its members. The horrified Eetes, lost in the persecution gathering the parts of the body of his loved son. 

             Of return, to its passage by the island of the sirens oía from distant spot its embrujador song but Orfeo, musician of Thrace, with its melodiosa lira and its voice, sang of so beautiful way, that no of the Argonauts was animated to correspond to the call of the Sirens; they arrived at Crete, where they had to face the giant Thallus the aid, again, of the spells of Medea. 

           They arrived at the aim to Yolco, bringing with himself the vellocino of gold but when Jasón protests for if the throne of the king found out that Pelias, during its absence had assassinated all the relatives of Jasón and that in addition it refused to give the throne to him. Medea was introduced in the palace and convinced the daughters of Pelías so that they helped him to eliminate his father assuring to them that it would give eternal youth them. Once assassinated king Jasón it assumed the throne and with Medea they reigned in Yolco, years later conceived a piston rod, trusting to him its education to the Centaur Chiron.


ori.gif (1448 bytes) Characteristics

           Puppis is a precious constellation of the South hemisphere that along with Carina and Vela form the mitológico boat of the Argonauts. It has a surface of of 550º more square distributed in the South hemisphere whose equator of our galaxy, the Milky Way crosses it of north to the south. There are a great amount of stars and observable clusters with modest telescopes all of them next ones to the equator of the Milky Way. Puppis is observable in the North hemisphere during the months of winter and from October to April in the South hemisphere where it culminates in the zenith of the celestial vault, it must be a wonderful spectacle to of course observe Puppis in the zenith in his maximum splendor of plagued brightness of clusters and outside the important cities and luminous centers.

            On the other hand, it is nailed in the South hemisphere from the parallel of 10º to surpassing 50º of South latitude, therefore, from where I write these lines to you from old Europe is observable during the nights you cold of winter next to Christmas, culminating to low height, never more of 30º of height.

            Puppis limits the north with the constellations of Monoceros and Hydra, the east with Canis Major, Columba and more to the south with Pictor, the south with Carina and the west of the south to north with Vela, Pyxis and Hidra. The constellation of Puppis I located the 14 to it of December of 1985, at the age of 19 years in one cold night winter from the tourist locality of Dog Picafort, Majorca, Spain.

            Another curiosity of Puppis is that it has neither to, nor b nor g as nomenclature of its shining stars the more since formerly to the constellation comprised along with Carina and Vela of the ship of argonauts like only and great austral constellation, later International Astronomical Union  (IAU) divided them in which today they are, being left in annals of history this curiosity.


Constellations of Puppis


Main stars

       Zeta, z; denominated Naos or Suhail Hadar, located to the south of the constellation near candle, it has a magnitude of 2.2, is a very young blue giant of spectrum  O,  20,000 times more luminous than the Sun, light is to 1400 years.

      Xi, x; denominated Azmidiske, located to the north of the constellation near Canis Major, it has a magnitude of 3.34, it is a yellow giant 7000 times more luminous than the Sun, is to 1350 years light of us.

      Pí, p; with a magnitude of 2.75, light is to 1090 years, its color is orange of K2 type, is also a giant 7700 times more luminous than our Sun.  It is located to the south of the constellation near the limits with Canis Major.

      Tau, t; it stars orange, of phantom K, whose magnitude is of  2.94, located to the south of the constellation closely together with closed with Carina, is to 182 years light of us.


Other objects

           M93, precious cluster, located to the north of the constellation near Canis Major, of magnitude 6.2 formed by more than 60 stars of the eighth a treceava magnitude included in 22' of arc to a distance of 3,600 years light of us, has a considered age of 98 million years.

         NGC 2396, precious cluster located in the limit with Canis Major and Monozeros, of magnitude 7.40 and 10' of diameter arc.

         M 47,  pretty cluster located in the north of the constellation of magnitude 4.4, of 30' of angular diameter that is to 1500 years Earth light, has a considered age of 78 million years.

         M 46, of magnitude 6.1 is a pretty located cluster near M 47, of 27' of angular diameter, is to 4600 years light of us, has a considered age of 300 million years.


ori.gif (1448 bytes) Observations by telescope



M:-- R.A.: 07h.28m. Dec: -11º44'
Mag: 8.4 Dim: 8'x3' AOC: 465 CNAO: 133
D.D.S.: 23h.44m.(UT); 14-Dec.-1985  


Nom: No catalog. R.A.: 07h.28m.

Dec: -11º25'

Mag: 7.5,9.0 Sep.: 10" P.A.: 330º Nat: ? Spec.: M, A
AOC: 466 DSC: 333 D.D.S.: 23h.50m.(UT); 14-Dec.-1985


            NOTE: NGC2396: One is in a very rich zone. One is a weak, small accumulation and luminous, it is formed by eighteen stars without concentration towards the center.

        DSC 333: One is one catalogued but not identified double in the Sky Catalogue 2000.0; one is immersed in the cluster, is one double something tight, the main one I see it red, however, the secondary one it has a off-white color, everything a resistance, is most shining of the field, therefore, it does not present/display difficulty at the time of unfolding it with the eyeglass of 50x.



NGC: 2422

M:47 R.A.: 07h.34m. Dec: -14º23'
Mag: 4.5 Dim:25' AOC: 467 CNAO: 134
D.D.S.: 00h.05m.(UT); 15-Dec.-1985  


Nom: S 1121 R.A.: 07h.34m.

Dec: -14º22'

Mag: 7.0, 7.1 Sep.: 7.5" P.A.: 204º Nat: f Spec.: A, B
AOC: 468 DSC: 334 D.D.S.: 00h.06m.(UT); 15-Dec.-1985


Nom: S 1120 R.A.: 07h.34m.

Dec: -14º29'

Mag: 5.6,9.5 Sep.: 20" P.A.: 35º Nat: f Spec.: A, B
AOC: 469 DSC: 335 D.D.S.: 00h.07m.(UT); 15-Dec.-1985

m47, Sigma1120 & Sigma1121


           NOTE: M 47: One is in a very rich zone. It is a cluster shining, easy to locate and great. It is not formed by forty and five stars without apparent structure nor either, concentration towards the center.

            S 1121: One is immersed in the center of the accumulation, both separated components I slightly see them of the same brightness and. It is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x, the main one I see secondary white it and the blue one.

          S 1120: It is located to the west of the center of the cluster. There is a remarkable difference of brightness between the components, are something separated but this does not get to imply that she is less pretty than the previous one, is unfolded with 50x. The main one I see secondary white it and the blue one.




M:-- R.A.: 07h.35m. Dec: -13º45'
Mag: 7.1 Dim: 20' AOC: 470 CNAO: 135
D.D.S.: 00h.07m.(UT); 15-Dec.-1985  



            NOTE: One is in a very rich zone. One is a cluster weak, easy to locate; it is formed by thirty stars of amorphous structure and without concentration towards the center.




M:46 R.A.: 07h.39m. Dec: -14º52'
Mag: 9.2 Dim:24' AOC: 471 CNAO: 136
D.D.S.: 00h.08m.(UT); 15-Dec.-1985  

P L A N E T A R Y 

 N E B U L A E

NGC:2438 M:--

R.A.: 07h.39m.

Dec: -14º36'

Mag: 11.3 Dim: 68" AOC: 472 CNAO: 137
D.D.S.: 00h.09m.(UT); 15-Dec.-1985  

m46 & NGC 2438



        NOTE: M 46: One is in a very rich zone. One is a weak, great cluster and a little dark. It is formed by cicuenta stars, it is a very pretty cluster, perhaps it does not have a defendant concentration towards the center and as position angles we can consider of 120º and 90º.

        NGC 2438: One is immersed in the center of cluster M 46; its identification is very difficult since one night very dark is inprescindible but it is fascinating observing both.



NGC: 2414

M:-- R.A.: 07h.31m. Dec: -15º20'
Mag: 9.0 Dim: 15' AOC: 473 CNAO: 138
D.D.S.: 00h.28m.(UT); 15-Dec.-1985  



            NOTE: One is in a very rich zone. One is a weak cluster, very dispersed and easy to locate it has an amorphous structure, is formed by twenty stars.



Nom: H 108 R.A.: 06h.48m.

Dec: -31º38'

Mag: 5.6, 8.2 Sep.: 43" P.A.: 66º Nat: ? Spec.: F, B
AOC: 712 DSC: 517 D.D.S.: 20h.15m.(UT); 31-Jan.-1987



                NOTE: One is in a partially rich zone. There is a slight difference of brightness between both components, the main one has a smooth yellowish color however, the secondary one has a smooth bluish tonality. It is unfolded without difficulty with the eyeglass of 50x.


ori.gif (1448 bytes) Other constellations

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