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S C U L T O R

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Mythology and history

Mythology of Scultor

     Scultor, or the escultor, is a created modern constellation in 1752 by the French astronomer of the century XVIII Nicolas Louis de Lacaille as the study of the escultor denominating itself in the beginning with the name of Factory of the escultor.

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Characteristics

    Scultor or the escultor, we were  before a small nailed square constellation of 400º in the South Pole of our galaxy, the Milky Way, therefore, it is a poor zone in stars, weak of brightness, and represents an opened window the Cosmos being able to contemplate with medium telescopes small galaxies moved away of ours by million and million years light. The parallel of South 30º crosses the constellation in two halves, is then an observable austral constellation logically in the South hemisphere culminating in the zenith during him month of visible November and during the spring, summer and austral autumn; however for the inhabitants of the North hemisphere Scultor he is visible during the months of October to January to low height on the horizon. In order to locate it it turns out easy since the west of Fomalhaut or the star most shining of the austral fish is to, although is necessary prisms binocular to be able to contemplate the stars that compose it. 

    Scultor I located it from the locality of Cán Picafort, Majorca, Spain the 12 of October of 1985 at the age of 19 years. Scultor limits the north with the constellations of Cetus and Aquarius, to the east with Piscis Austrinus, the south with Grux and Phoenix and to the west with the constellation of Fornax.

 

 

Constellation of Scultor

 

Main stars

       Alpha, a; with a magnitude of 4.31 it is of blue color, it finds to 670 years light and it reveals to us that the star is a giant 670 times more luminous than the Sun.  It is located in the center of the constellation.

      Beta, b; with a magnitude of 4,38, and blue color situated in the south of the constellation near Grux, is to 178 years light, is also a giant 44 times more luminous than our Sun. 

    Gamma, g; it stars orange, of spectrum K, whose magnitude is of 4.41 is to the east the constellation near Fomalhaut or a Piscis Austrinus,  that is to 178 years light of us.

    Delta, d; it stars white of solar type of magnitude is of 4.58 and that is to 143 years light of us.

 

Other objects

           NGC 288, globular cluster of magnitude 8.1 located to the north the constellation, near star a; it has an angular diameter of 12' of arc and dista 26,700 years Earth light.

           NGC 253, galaxy spiral of the Sc type, very next to NGC 288 of magnitude 7.20, 25' x 7' of arc of angular diameter.

             NGC 55, irregular galaxy, located to the south of the constellation already in the limit with Phoenix of magnitude 7.5, 25' x 4' of arc of angular diameter.

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Observations by telescope

D O U B L E

Nom:Arg 4 R.A.: 1h.30m.

Dec: -26º48'

Mag: 8.0,9.1 Sep.: 18" P.A.: 73º Nat: f Spec.: A, G
AOC: 412 DSC: 297 D.D.S.: 22h.52m.(UT); 12-Oct.-1985

arg4

 

           NOTE: One is in a very poor zone. Since we are located in the constellation where the South Pole of the Milky Way is located. There is a slight difference of brightness between the components, the main one I see white it, however, the secondary one has a yellowish smooth color. It does not present/display difficulty at the time of unfolding it with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: t R.A.: 01h34.m.

Dec: -30º10'

Mag: 6.0,7.2 Sep.: 1.4" P.A.: 330º Nat: O Spec.: B, B
AOC: 413 DSC: 298 D.D.S.: 12-Oct.-1985

tau

 

                  NOTE: One is in a zone, very very poor. Both components are of similar magnitude, are very, very together. It is unfolded dificilmente with the eyeglass of 200x, is essential one transparent night, both components are blue.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: e R.A.: 01h.43m.

Dec: -25º18'

Mag: 5.4,9.0 Sep.: 4.7" P.A.: 48º Nat: f Spec.: A, B
AOC: 414 DSC: 299 D.D.S.: 23h.05m.(UT); 12-Oct.-1985

epsilon

 

           NOTE: One is in a poor zone. A great difference of brightness between the components exists, are something together, unfolding itself with the eyeglass of 100x, the main one is of white color and the secondary one I see it blue, a smooth blue color.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: h 5417 R.A.: 23h.44m.

Dec: -26º15'

Mag: 6.3,9.0 Sep.: 8.5" P.A.: 320º Nat: f Spec.: F, ?
AOC: 870 DSC: 654 D.D.S.: 21h.48m.(UT); 23-Sep.-1987

h5417

 

            NOTE: One is in a poor zone. There is a remarkable difference of brightness, the secondary one is something weak, are slightly tight, unfolding itself with the eyeglass of 50x, the main one is yellow although I do not get to identify it.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: Lal 193 R.A.: 23h.59m.

Dec: -26º31'

Mag: 8.2, 8.5 Sep.: 10.6" P.A.: 170º Nat: ? Spec.: F, F
AOC: 871 DSC: 655 D.D.S.: 21h.51m.(UT); 23-Sep.-1987

lal193

 

            NOTE: One is in a very poor zone in stars, near the galactic South Pole. A diference of brightness between the components exists, is one double of weak components and relatively separated, it is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x, I have not been able to identify the colors of the components.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: Lal 192 R.A.: 23h.54m.

Dec: -27º03'

Mag: 6.9, 7.5 Sep.: 6.6" P.A.: 270º Nat: f Spec.: A, ?
AOC: 872 DSC: 656 D.D.S.: 21h.56m.(UT); 23-Sep.-1987

lal192

 

            NOTE: One is in a very poor star field. There is a slight difference of brightness between the components, are something separated unfolding itself with the eyeglass of 50x, the main one I see white it, however, profit not to identify the color of the secondary one.

 

D O U B L E

Nom: h 1992 R.A.: 00h.39m.

Dec: -25º36'

Mag: 7.8,8.4 Sep.: 45.4" P.A.: 246º Nat: ? Spec.: A, K
AOC: 873 DSC: 657 D.D.S.: 22h.05m.(UT); 23-Sep.-1987

D O U B L E

Nom: h 1991 R.A.: 00h.39m.

Dec: -25º'06

Mag: 6.6, 9.7 Sep.: 46.9" P.A.: 95º Nat: ? Spec.: K, ?
AOC: 874 DSC: 658 D.D.S.: 22h.12m.(UT); 23-Sep.-1987

h1992 & h1191

 

            NOTE: h 1992: One is in a very poor zone. There is a slight difference of brightness between the components, are slightly separated, the main one I see white it, however, the secondary one seems to see it to me orange. It is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

            h 1991: One is to only 30' to the north of h 1992. The magnitude difference is greater, are slightly separated and it is unfolded with the eyeglass of 50x.

 

ori.gif (1448 bytes) Other constellations

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