T U C A N A
Mythology and history
The constellation of Toucan or Tucana was designed by the Dutch navigator Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederik de Houtman at the end of century XVI, does not have therefore, mythology. They have wanted to represent a toucan.
Tucana, or the toucan (Tuc) is a small austral constellation located in the parallel of 60º of South, observable latitude solely in the South hemisphere during great part of the year and not in the north where I write these lines to you. One is far from the equator of our Milky Route but it has in concrete in her to the small cloud of Magallanes to the south of the same one, therefore, it is the object more spectacular than we can observe in her. It is a poor shining but rich star constellation in globular clusters.
Tucana limits the north with the constellations of Phoenix and Grux, to the east with Indus, the south with Octans and Hidrus and to the west with this one last one.
To date, I have not been able to locate it to be in very austral latitudes next to the celestial South Pole from the island of Majorca where alive, although I do not discard to someday make a trip to the seas of the south, and to lose to me in an island of the desert Pacific to be able to contemplate and to locate the constellations that I have left to discover.
Alpha, a; of 2.86 magnitude and color orange, one is closely together located in the Eastern sector of the constellation of Indus, dista 198 years Earth light, is an orange giant 219 times more shining than the Sun Form leaves from a binary system of period of 4198 years separated both components by 32"of arc
Beta, b; of 4.34 magnitude and blue color Earth light is to 139 years, also comprises, of a binary system whose secondary dista 14"of arc and magnitude 4,37. Both stars formed in the cluster of the Pleiads in Taurus.
Gamma, g; of 4.00 magnitude and yellow Earth light is in the north of the constellation near Grux to 71 years, its luminosity is similar to the lot.
NGC 292; also denominated Small Cloud of Magallanes, of visible magnitude 2.3 and at first it comprises of one of the satellites of our galaxy that it orbits around ours, the Milky Route; one is an irregular galaxy of 316'x18 ' of angular diameter.
NGC 104; spectacular globular cluster of magnitude 4.0 that is closely together of the Small Cloud of Magallanes. It has an angular diameter of 31' of 46,000 arc and parsecs of us is to.
NGC 362; precious located globular cluster near the previous one of magnitude 6,6; it has an angular diameter of 17,7' of 8,700 arc and parsecs is to.
Observations by telescope
To date observations by telescope have not been made since it is located in the South hemisphere, next to the celestial and invisible South Pole from where I write these lines to you, Majorca, Spain, although I do not discard to someday make a trip to the seas of the south, and to lose to me in an island of the Pacific to be able to contemplate and to locate the constellations that still I have left to discover.
Next in the following window you can select the constellation that you want to locate, to observe and to discover following with the thematic one of the Web of Masm.
Masm (Last update 2005-07-02)