Agamenon  M A R S


    To 229 million km of the Sun and with an orbit of 688 days, Mars is first of the planets that are beyond ours. He is relatively small, little more than half of the diameter of the Earth, but its proximity to us assures a quite shining appearance to him. It has two moons, Deimos and Fobos, this last so next one to the Mars surface that it orbits around the planet in 7.5 hours. The Mars atmosphere is similar to the one of the Earth. It seems to have water and I oxygenate and a temperature in the surface that I could arrive at the 25ºC. for that reason it is a possibility the existence of some form of life as we know it.



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Distance from the Sun
(Semimajor axis of orbit)
227,936,640 km
1.52366231 A.U.

Mean Equatorial Radius
3,397 km
(0.5326 of Earth's radius)

Volume (Earth = 1)

0.64191 x 1027 kg

3.94 gm/cm3

Surface Gravity
371 cm/s2

Escape Velocity
5.02 km/s

Sidereal Rotation Period (Earth days)

Sidereal Orbit Period (Earth years)

Mean Orbit Velocity
24.1309 km/s

Orbit Eccentricity

Orbit Inclination to Ecliptic
1.85061 degrees

Inclination of Equator to Orbit
25.19 degrees

Mean Temperature at Solid Surface
186 to 268 K

Major Atmospheric Constituents
1CO2, N2, Ar

Natural Satellites

Phobos, Deimos


        During several centuries, the Martian characteristics observed by the telescope have generated hopes in an extraterrestrial civilization. Most important of them she is the one of the channels , peculiar lines that seem too regular like being a natural phenomenon. The space probes have left in clear that, aside from a giant tube which cmo Agathodaemon or Valles Marineris is known, those lines are, dissapointing thing, products of an optical illusion. Yes there have been more recent conjectures around the formation unexplained in pyramid form that are seen clearly in the images taken by satellites.

        Symbolically, Mars shows a cultural coherence compared greater than the one of other planets, perhaps as a result of its clear red tonality, produced by the iron oxide concentration in its surface. The red one has been associated universally with the fire and the blood. Still more, Mars governs the iron, a metal that takes red color during the oxidation, that is used for arms and that work to the fire.

        In China, the red planet was associated to the element fire, the heat of the summer and the heart. The taoístas alqimistas saw it like cinnabar, the red mercury sulfite. The origins of the common name of Mars, Mentiroso Chispeante , are not known, but their secondary names of Star of Punishment and Guardian of the Law, agreed are comprehensible the existing connection between Mars and the maintenance of the civic ritual, a vital element of the Chinese confuciana culture. Young that its heat was able to produce droughts. A typical application of the law of correspondences maintained that when Mars was in the star field of the well (vigesimosegunda lunar mansion Ching , approximately in the West of Gémini), it augured the drying of wells; and cmo this star group also represented the capital of the Empire, that the wells of this one would be affected.

             From the time of the first civilizations of Mesopotamia, Mars adopted a malevolente identity like gentleman of deads, carrier of the pestilencia and the war. Its older well-known form was sumeria Lugalmeslam, that governed the inferior world to which the Sun travels all the nights. From a principle, this deity seems to be assimilated to Nergal , the main Mars representative between the mesopotámicos.

              Call to be responsible for to have insulted to the emissary of Ereshkigal, the goddess of the infraworld, was ordered to him to Nergal that descended to the kingdom of the goddess; but the God of the wisdom, Ea, noticed to him that it did not accept anything of her. The assistants of Ereshkigal offered a chair to him, but he did not seat; they took to bread and beer to him, but he did not eat nor he drank; they presented/displayed a palangana to him, but he did not want to wash itself.

         Then Ereshkial went to bathe and allowed that Nergal saw a moment its body; it at first, resisted, but when the beautiful goddess let itself see again, Nergal yielded. They were loved during six days, and to seventh, Nergal returned to the superior world. Ereshkigal threatened inciting to rebellion to deads d such way that were in the superior world more deads than alive, unless it were given back loved his. The God, not indeed grudgingly, was sent again to the infraworld to govern it with Ereshkigal jointly.

    This story has certain number of significant parallelisms. There is a similar mesopotámico story of Ishtar (the Venus of the Romans) that descends to the infraworld, having to understand two histories altogether. In addition, the emparejamiento of Nergal and Ishatar are a recurrent subject in all the later symbolism of Mars and Venus.


              In a classic mythology, to Nergal was assimilated to him immediately with the Greek God You plow , that stops the Roman ones was Mars, God of the war. The Greeks did not have to You plow in excessive consideration, and cultured l of You plow, that was believed original of Thrace, very was not spread in old Greece and, where he existed, he lacked social or moral meaning.

             Plow it was an ancestral deity of Tebas and had a temple in Athens, on the foot of the Areópago or hill of You plow, but the Romans raised to Mars like a military God. Plow or Mars loved the war without reason some, and like mercenario he was indifferent to the reason or sinrazón of the party by which he fought. Most of the other Gods they despised it, except Eirs, goddess of the dispute, and Aphrodite (Venus) goddess on which he exerted a perverse and rather little recommendable fascination. The relation between both was erotic

          The assemblying of Mars and Venus has gotten to personify the sexuality and the sexual difference. In modern science the planetary glifos of these two planets are even the corresponding ones to the male and the female.



                In Greek mythology Bellona or Belona and in Roman mythology Duellona single-breasted uniform jacket was a Roman divinity that passed through sister or wife of Mars. Imagined it with a lance, a whip or a torch, and used to also take to helmet or shield; for that reason the Romans identified it with the Greek goddess Enio. One treats, apparently, of one old Sabina divinity whose primitive name was Nerio and whose cult was introduced in Rome by the Sabina family of the Claudios . He had a temple in the Mars field , and in him he waited for the Senate to the generals who returned triunphadors of a campaign, as well as to the foreign embassies, that could not enter the enclosure of the city; there the declarations of war were made also.

           As a result of the war against Mitridats, the cult of the great minorasiatic lunar goddess was introduced in Rome , that was assimilated to Belona; a temple was built and a school of priests and capadocios priestesses was created, who the day of the festivity of the goddess celebrated a procession dressed in black tunics, provided with the double Eastern axe and accompanying to their dance with trumpets and drums. Bellona was identified, like Nerio, with Minerva.



 Masm © (Last update 08.29.2006)