Agamenon  M E R C U R Y


mercurio.GIF (21580 bytes)

     Mercury, whose diameter is less than half of the one of the Earth, is smallest of all planets. He is also next to the Sun, to 50 million km Seen from the Earth, Mercury never seems to be to more of 28º of the Sun, as well as it seems to advance and to back down throughout his orbit of 88 days like a the service of the great lights, as heraldo or messenger agrees to its old mitológica interpretation of. Nevertheless, its proximity to the Sun prevents its observation at first, and the putting of the Sun at the beginning of spring can only be observed satisfactorily and briefly under the ideal conditions in the exit or a or of autumn.



            The astronomer Eugene Antoniadi made from 1924 to 1929 detailed Mercury observations. By means of his gigantic telescope he could see dark spots on the surface of the planet to which he denominated, following Greek and Egyptian mythology, like Vindication, Horruras and Aurora. At heart, he believed to have seen a planet with ample so mysterious and attractive dark areas as the personages with whose names he had baptized them. Nevertheless, the space observation showed that no of those spots was real.


       For the astrological priests of the old Mesopotamia , Mercury was the God Nabu , restoring itself in its honor a cult that had its main center in Borsippa, city to few kilometers to the south of Babylonia. Today they are left few testimonies of this cult, but a.C is known that to h. 1000. Nabu replaced a previous goddess sumeria, Nisaba or Nidaba, as pattern of you write them. Nabu was son of the huge Marduk (the equivalent one to the Roman God Jupiter), foretelling any Mercury change a change for the son of the king, the inheriting prince.

         Nevertheless the most important paper of Nabu was the one of writes of the Gods. In the day seventh of the celebration of the spring that marked the new mesopotámico year, it rescued to Marduk of his captivity, symbolizing therefore the restoration of the authority and the order for the coming year; in the eleventh day, the Gods met to decide the destiny of the world while Nabu took note from its agreements.




Ruins of Babylonia

        The city of Babylonia was one of the most important urban centers during millenia II and I a.C. Located to the east of the Éufrates river, to 90 km to the south of the present Iraqian capital (Bagdad), its greater splendor corresponded to the reign of the monarch of the neoBabylonian dynasty (it heats) Nabucodonosor II, that took place from the 605 to the 562 b.C.

    Like Nabu, Mercury was known him between the sumerios like hacedor of rain, which possibly derived from its relation with the good harvests. What, as well, it can be the origin of the Mercury association with the commerce at the time of old Greek and the Roman ones. Different European languages conserve the Latin root of mercurius in words like mer to cader and Comercio .

    The God Mercury is the equivalent Roman of the Greek God Hermes. In his origin one was a fálico God of the fertility and the God of the travellers. The literal translation of the Hermes name is the one of the pile of stones; to the God one venerated to him by means of a pile of stones placed to a side of the way, pile to which all traveller had to add a plus, tradition that still today follows mountain and travellers. The God also guided the cores of deads towards the infraworld, took the cap of the invisibility and was the messenger of the Gods.

mercuriodios.GIF (11211 bytes)

    The divine Mercury nature was established from the day of its birth. Before the noon of that day it had invented the lira, and before the day finished, like demonstrating his qualities of embaucador, to his Apolo brother it had robbed him the cattle. It separated fifty heifers and at night it lead them towards a valley. In order to disguise his tracks, he made them walk backwards and it disguised his own tracks taking enormous sandals. Apolo became infuriated, but to Zeus it enchanted that so intelligent boy to him and it turned to him into carrier of his glass. Some of the oldest drawings represent Hermes like an old one with long beard, but the Greek classic Hermes was a beautiful young person. In astrology it is conceived to him both like corporation of sexes, the hermafrodita .

    An important line of the Mercury history derives from Egypt. In the helenizado world (dominated by the Greek) of the last centuries before ours it was we widely found the accepted transfering to Mercury of the Egyptian God Tot. Nevertheless, in the first dynastic period of the third millenium before ours it was. Tot had been a God Moon although with many of the attributed characteristics to Mercury. She was the pattern of science and Literature, and God of the medicine. Like Hermes, was also writes and messenger of the Gods. This change of attribution of the Moon to Mercury is a clear example of the cultural assimilation under the increasing Greek influence during century IV b.C.


Dioses egipcios


           This same period saw the distinguishing Mercury baptism like Hermes Trimegisto, an aspect of the symbolism of the God of the later magic and the alchemy. Greek the Egyptians often called to their megistos Gods , that he means greatest . Like reflection of the Egyptian practice to intensify an adjective repeating it. It seems that the God Tot-Hermes him named repeating three times its epíteto; that is to say, the greatest Hermes, greatest, the greatest, which was brief in trismegistros , or greatest three times . It did not spend long time before the name Hermes Trimegistro consolidated by own right. To this God it was attributed to have granted to the humanity the medicine, the magic, the astrology and the alchemy. In a the European alchemy we found it in its Latin form: Mercurius, the objective of the alquímica work and guides secret investigation of the follower, sometimes figure of the Christ and in others a embaucador or a dragoon that preserves the secret of the filosofal stone.


 Masm © (Last update 08.29.2006)