Agamenon  Planetary mythology

 

Agamenon  Sun, Moon & planets

  

   Old the Greeks only knew five planets, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn, that along with the Sun and the Moon were nomadic stars , (the Greek word planetes means nomadic ), that moved on the bottom of apparently fixed stars . European old Astronomy and India have introduced a rich planetary symbolism until the modern times.

templo.GIF (26096 bytes)

Agamenon

The mask of Agamenón

The call mask of Agamenón was found in a micénica tomb by Heinrich Schliemann in 1876. Although this one believed to have discovered the tombs of the heroes of the war of Troy, the interments and the mask really belongs to a previous phase of the micénica culture that, along with the minoica culture, comprises of the civilization of the Aegean.

Nimatallah/Art Resource, Ny

   With this page and the connections that are indicated it tries to give information of the mythology of the Sun, the Moon and the planets and as they have exerted influence on the imagination and the culture of different civilizations from remote times.

     Bailando.gif (1448 bytes) Greek mythology has impregnated the western culture. For that reason, to approach her always is to investigate and to discover something of our past, of our unconscious group. In the following fragment of the book mitologíaia classic of Margot Arnaud, becomes a brief exhibition of how the myths in old Greece arose.

Fragment of classic mythology .

Of Margot Arnaud.

Introduction.

The birth of Greek myths

    The Greek religion conceived to its Gods under anthropomorphic forms and on them it created myths of an exceptional wealth. They are so fascinating that all our cultural manifestations, specially Literature and the art, by any historical time, have been inspired by them.

    Sinking its roots in the distant one happened of the people who populated the Greece with the Neolithic one, long before which the Greek town settled (towards 1950 a.C.), the religion had its origin in the cults and the beliefs bound to the daily life and agriculture. The cores, oriented towards the adoration of the supernatural forces that assure the fertility and the fecundity, venerated to feminine ídolos, goddesses of coarse body that incarnated the infinitely powerful Earth forces.

    In the cretense pantheon, that also exerted a deep influence in the Greek town, a clear predominance of the goddesses is also observed on the Gods. The model of the " Great Mother " prevails, but the generating Earth force appears distributed between many divinities. They are bound to vegetal animals or; they maintain relations of privilege with the tops of mountains or the sea. Thus, they appeared the Gods symbolized -- like the bull that incarnates the male generating principle -- and numerous demons who accompany to serve them them.

    The cults to these divinities were organized of a precise way: there were sanctuaries in the middle of the fields and temples, also dwelled constructed specifically for the Gods. The offerings that were done to them were mainly vegetal -- the bloody sacrifices were rare -- and the celebrations gave rise to processions, to representations of bullfighting stagings, gymnastic dances and games.

    After the conquest of Greece by the Greek town, of Indo-European origin, the religion the same considers to Gods and goddesses. This town that it very singularly honored to the masculine Uranus divinities descending (of the sky), to which a privileged protection was requested to them, was fused with the previously based inhabitants, who venerated traditionally to the ctonianas feminine divinities (of the Earth).

    Small boards, very previous to Homeric poems, mention the names of Zeus, Poseidón, Hermes, You plow, Dioniso, Hera, Athenian, Artemis... The Greek pantheon was organized like a familiar society. Next to the Gods and goddesses it appeared the " Gestiario ", animals of forms so varied as: sirens, esfinges, hidras, chimeras, faucets, gorgonas... that came from Crete and East.

    Most of heroic myths of Greece goes back to the micénica time (1580-1100 a.C.) and they have crystallized around historical personages real and related to important places: perseidas and the atridas ones in Micenas; Helena in Lacedemonia; Néstor in Pilos; Oedipus in Tebas; Teseo in Athens.

    Without a doubt, these myths are bound to the great adventurers whose legend formed around the trips of exploration characteristic of the time: argonautas, lead by Jasón, wants to arrive until the bottom of the Black Sea, in Cólquide; Heracles destroys the monsters of the Peloponeso and finishes its works in unknown territories of the West; Perseo is going to kill to the Gorgona the Earth borders...

    In the sanctuaries and the temples, in which the destined offerings to the Gods were accumulated on the feet of the statues the cult made numerous priests. Some of these ceremonies were seeretas, reserved to the initiates, according to the cretense tradition of the Earth preparation for a ultratomb life. To deads always it was buried to them and were object of special attentions.

    Source: Classic mythology , Margot Arnaud. © Marabout (Belgium), 1991 / © Publishing Accent, 1993.

       

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 Masm © (Last update 08.29.2006)